Characterisation of bovine epiblast-derived outgrowth colonies

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningfagfællebedømt

The aim of the present study was to characterise bovine epiblast-derived outgrowth colonies (OCs) with respect to the embryonic origin of their cellular components. Epiblasts were isolated mechanically from bovine Day 12 embryos. Epiblasts were cultured on feeder layers of SNL cells (neomycin-resistant leukaemia inhibitory factor (LIF)-producing STO cells) in Dulbecco's modified Eagle's medium (DMEM)/F12 medium supplemented with 15% fetal calf serum, 5% KnockOut Serum Replacement, LIF, basic fibroblast growth factor, non-essential amino acids (NEAA) and nucleosides. Samples were fixed on Days 4, 6 and 8 of culture and processed for immunocytochemistry and transmission electron microscopy. Epiblasts formed OCs consisting of a central core of epiblast-like cells with a basal plate of flattened cells extending outwards from the core. The cells of the core showed nuclear octamer-binding transcription factor 4 (OCT4) staining, indicating an epiblast origin, and some also stained positive for cytoplasmic vimentin. Adjacent cells were linked by tight junctions towards the surface of the colony and rested on a basal lamina. The cells of the basal plate predominantly stained for alpha1-fetoprotein (AFP), indicative of a possible hypoblast origin. Only a few cells scattered within the basal plate exhibited cytokeratin 8 staining, indicating a trophectoderm nature. The intensity of OCT4 and vimentin staining within the core had decreased by Day 8 of culture. In conclusion, OCs derived from bovine Day 12 epiblasts display a central core of OCT4-stained cells of a potential epiblast origin surrounded by a basal plate of mainly AFP-stained cells of a potential hypoblast nature
TidsskriftReproduction, Fertility and Development
Udgave nummer4
Sider (fra-til)625-633
Antal sider9
StatusUdgivet - 2010

ID: 19095219