In situ net N mineralisation and nitrification under organic and conventionally managed olive oil orchards

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Beatriz Gomez Muñoz, M. B. Hinojosa, R. García-Ruiz

Olive oil orchard occupies a great percentage of the cropland in southern Spain. Thus, changes in nitrogen (N) fertilization might have a great effect on N dynamics at least at regional scale, which should be investigated for a sustainable N fertilization program. In situ net N mineralization (NM) and nitrification (NN) were investigated during a year in comparable organic (OR) and conventional (CV) olive oil orchards of two locations differing their N input. Soil samples were collected in two soil positions (under and between trees canopy) and both buried-bags and soil core techniques were used to quantify both microbial rates. There were differences in NM and NN between sites mainly due to differences in soil total N (TN), and potential mineralisable N (PMN). In all cases NM and NN were higher in soils under tree canopy. NM and NN were higher in OR than in CV managed orchards in the location with high soil TN. Soil TN and PMN explained together a 50 % of the variability in soil N availability, which suggests that these two variables are good predictors of the potential of a soil to provide available N. The highest rates of soil N availability were found in spring, when olive tree demand for N was at its maximum. Annual soil N availability in olive groves was in all cases higher or similar than tree demand suggesting that soil annual supply of N should be taken into account in order to develop sustainable N fertilisation strategies for olive crops.

TidsskriftNutrient Cycling in Agroecosystems
Udgave nummer2
Sider (fra-til)223-239
Antal sider17
StatusUdgivet - 2015

ID: 160082915