New Onset Diabetes Mellitus after Kidney Transplantation in Denmark

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningfagfællebedømt

Mette Hornum, Kaj Anker Jørgensen, Jesper Melchior Hansen, FT Nielsen, KB Christensen, ER Mathiesen, B Feldt-Rasmussen

Background and objectives: This study aimed to investigate the development of new-onset diabetes mellitus (NODM) in a
prospective study of 97 nondiabetic uremic patients.
Design, setting, participants, & measurements: Included were 57 kidney recipients (Tx group, age 39 13 years) and 40
uremic patients remaining on the waiting list for kidney transplantation (uremic controls, age 47 11 years). All were
examined at baseline before possible transplantation and after 12 months. The prevalence of diabetes, prediabetes, insulin
sensitivity index (ISI), and insulin secretion index (Isecr) were estimated using an oral glucose tolerance test with measurements
of plasma glucose and plasma insulin.
Results: One year after transplantation NODM was present in 14% (8 of 57) compared with 5% (2 of 40) in the uremic control
group (P 0.01). ISI in the Tx group deteriorated from 6.8 3.9 before transplantation to 4.9 2.8 at 12 months after
transplantation (P 0.005), and a slight increase in Isecr from 37 19 to 46 22 (P 0.02) was seen. No significant changes
occurred in the uremic controls (ISI was 7.9 5 and 8.5 5, and Isecr was 31 17 and 28 15). Using multivariate ordinal
logistic regression, pre-Tx ISI and age predicted NODM (odds ratios: 0.82, P 0.01 and 1.06, P 0.02, respectively).
Conclusions: One year after kidney transplantation, NODM was present in 14% of patients. This was mainly caused by an
increase in insulin resistance and was observed despite improvement in insulin secretion.
OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftClinical Journal of American Society of Nephrology.
Vol/bind5
Udgave nummer4
Sider (fra-til)709-716
Antal sider8
ISSN1555-9041
DOI
StatusUdgivet - apr. 2010

ID: 33248646