Multidisciplinary management of clival chordomas: long-term clinical outcome in a single-institution consecutive series
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- Multidisciplinary management of clival chordomas; long-term clinical outcome in a single-institution consecutive series
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Petter Förander, Jiri Bartek, Michael Fagerlund, Hamza Benmaklouf, Ernest Dodoo, Alia Shamikh, Pär Stjärne, Tiit Mathiesen
OBJECTIVE: Chordomas of the skull base have high recurrence rates even after radical resection and adjuvant radiotherapy. We evaluate the long-term clinical outcome using multidisciplinary management in the treatment of clival chordomas.
METHODS: Between 1984 and 2015, 22 patients diagnosed with an intracranial chordoma were treated at the Karolinska University Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden. Sixteen of 22 were treated with Gamma Knife radiosurgery (GKRS) for tumour residual or progression during the disease course. Seven of 22 received adjuvant fractionated radiotherapy and 5 of these also received proton beam radiotherapy.
RESULTS: Fifteen of 22 (68%) patients were alive at follow-up after a median of 80 months (range 22-370 months) from the time of diagnosis. Six were considered disease free after >10-year follow-up. The median tumour volume at the time of GKRS was 4.7 cm(3), range 0.8-24.3 cm(3). Median prescription dose was 16 Gy, range 12-20 Gy to the 40-50% isodose curve. Five patients received a second treatment with GKRS while one received three treatments. After GKRS patients were followed with serial imaging for a median of 34 months (range 6-180 months). Four of 16 patients treated with GKRS were in need of a salvage microsurgical procedure compared to 5/7 treated with conventional or proton therapy.
CONCLUSION: After surgery, 7/22 patients received conventional and/or photon therapy, while 15/22 were treated with GKRS for tumour residual or followed with serial imaging with GKRS as needed upon tumour progression. With this multidisciplinary management, 5- and 10-year survivals of 82% and 50% were achieved, respectively.
|Status||Udgivet - okt. 2017|
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