Molecular and immunohistochemical studies on epidermal responses in Atlantic salmon Salmo salar L. induced by Gyrodactylus salaris Malmberg, 1957

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Molecular and immunohistochemical studies on epidermal responses in Atlantic salmon Salmo salar L. induced by Gyrodactylus salaris Malmberg, 1957. / Kania, Per Walter; Evensen, O.; Larsen, Thomas Bjerre; Buchmann, Kurt.

I: Journal of Helminthology, Bind 84, Nr. 2, 2010, s. 166-172.

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningfagfællebedømt

Harvard

Kania, PW, Evensen, O, Larsen, TB & Buchmann, K 2010, 'Molecular and immunohistochemical studies on epidermal responses in Atlantic salmon Salmo salar L. induced by Gyrodactylus salaris Malmberg, 1957', Journal of Helminthology, bind 84, nr. 2, s. 166-172. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0022149X09990460

APA

Kania, P. W., Evensen, O., Larsen, T. B., & Buchmann, K. (2010). Molecular and immunohistochemical studies on epidermal responses in Atlantic salmon Salmo salar L. induced by Gyrodactylus salaris Malmberg, 1957. Journal of Helminthology, 84(2), 166-172. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0022149X09990460

Vancouver

Kania PW, Evensen O, Larsen TB, Buchmann K. Molecular and immunohistochemical studies on epidermal responses in Atlantic salmon Salmo salar L. induced by Gyrodactylus salaris Malmberg, 1957. Journal of Helminthology. 2010;84(2):166-172. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0022149X09990460

Author

Kania, Per Walter ; Evensen, O. ; Larsen, Thomas Bjerre ; Buchmann, Kurt. / Molecular and immunohistochemical studies on epidermal responses in Atlantic salmon Salmo salar L. induced by Gyrodactylus salaris Malmberg, 1957. I: Journal of Helminthology. 2010 ; Bind 84, Nr. 2. s. 166-172.

Bibtex

@article{8fcd5aa0529c11df928f000ea68e967b,
title = "Molecular and immunohistochemical studies on epidermal responses in Atlantic salmon Salmo salar L. induced by Gyrodactylus salaris Malmberg, 1957",
abstract = "Various strains of Atlantic salmon exhibit different levels of susceptibility to infections with the ectoparasitic monogenean Gyrodactylus salaris. The basic mechanisms involved in this differential ability to respond to this monogenean were elucidated using controlled and duplicated challenge experiments. Highly susceptible East Atlantic salmon allowed parasite populations to reach up to 3000 parasites per host within 6 weeks, whereas less susceptible Baltic salmon never reached larger parasite burdens than 122 parasites per host during the same period. The present study, comprising immunohistochemistry and gene expression analyses, showed that highly susceptible salmon erected a response mainly associated with an increased expression of interleukin-1b (IL-1b), interferon-g (IFN-g), IL-10 and infiltration of CD3-positive cells in the epidermis of infected fins. Less susceptible salmon showed no initial response in fins but 3–6 weeks post-infection a number of other genes (encoding the immuneregulating cytokine IL-10, cell marker MHC II and the pathogen-binding protein serum amyloid A) were found to be up-regulated. No proliferation of epithelial cells was seen in the skin of less susceptible salmon, and IL-10 may play a role in this regard. It can be hypothesized that resistant salmon regulate the parasite population by restricting nutrients (sloughed epithelial cells and associated material) and thereby starve the parasites. In association with this ‘scorchedearth strategy’, the production of pathogen-binding effector molecules such as serum amyloid A (SAA) (or others still not detected) may contribute to the resistance status of the fish during the later infection phases.",
author = "Kania, {Per Walter} and O. Evensen and Larsen, {Thomas Bjerre} and Kurt Buchmann",
year = "2010",
doi = "10.1017/S0022149X09990460",
language = "English",
volume = "84",
pages = "166--172",
journal = "Journal of Helminthology",
issn = "0022-149X",
publisher = "Cambridge University Press",
number = "2",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Molecular and immunohistochemical studies on epidermal responses in Atlantic salmon Salmo salar L. induced by Gyrodactylus salaris Malmberg, 1957

AU - Kania, Per Walter

AU - Evensen, O.

AU - Larsen, Thomas Bjerre

AU - Buchmann, Kurt

PY - 2010

Y1 - 2010

N2 - Various strains of Atlantic salmon exhibit different levels of susceptibility to infections with the ectoparasitic monogenean Gyrodactylus salaris. The basic mechanisms involved in this differential ability to respond to this monogenean were elucidated using controlled and duplicated challenge experiments. Highly susceptible East Atlantic salmon allowed parasite populations to reach up to 3000 parasites per host within 6 weeks, whereas less susceptible Baltic salmon never reached larger parasite burdens than 122 parasites per host during the same period. The present study, comprising immunohistochemistry and gene expression analyses, showed that highly susceptible salmon erected a response mainly associated with an increased expression of interleukin-1b (IL-1b), interferon-g (IFN-g), IL-10 and infiltration of CD3-positive cells in the epidermis of infected fins. Less susceptible salmon showed no initial response in fins but 3–6 weeks post-infection a number of other genes (encoding the immuneregulating cytokine IL-10, cell marker MHC II and the pathogen-binding protein serum amyloid A) were found to be up-regulated. No proliferation of epithelial cells was seen in the skin of less susceptible salmon, and IL-10 may play a role in this regard. It can be hypothesized that resistant salmon regulate the parasite population by restricting nutrients (sloughed epithelial cells and associated material) and thereby starve the parasites. In association with this ‘scorchedearth strategy’, the production of pathogen-binding effector molecules such as serum amyloid A (SAA) (or others still not detected) may contribute to the resistance status of the fish during the later infection phases.

AB - Various strains of Atlantic salmon exhibit different levels of susceptibility to infections with the ectoparasitic monogenean Gyrodactylus salaris. The basic mechanisms involved in this differential ability to respond to this monogenean were elucidated using controlled and duplicated challenge experiments. Highly susceptible East Atlantic salmon allowed parasite populations to reach up to 3000 parasites per host within 6 weeks, whereas less susceptible Baltic salmon never reached larger parasite burdens than 122 parasites per host during the same period. The present study, comprising immunohistochemistry and gene expression analyses, showed that highly susceptible salmon erected a response mainly associated with an increased expression of interleukin-1b (IL-1b), interferon-g (IFN-g), IL-10 and infiltration of CD3-positive cells in the epidermis of infected fins. Less susceptible salmon showed no initial response in fins but 3–6 weeks post-infection a number of other genes (encoding the immuneregulating cytokine IL-10, cell marker MHC II and the pathogen-binding protein serum amyloid A) were found to be up-regulated. No proliferation of epithelial cells was seen in the skin of less susceptible salmon, and IL-10 may play a role in this regard. It can be hypothesized that resistant salmon regulate the parasite population by restricting nutrients (sloughed epithelial cells and associated material) and thereby starve the parasites. In association with this ‘scorchedearth strategy’, the production of pathogen-binding effector molecules such as serum amyloid A (SAA) (or others still not detected) may contribute to the resistance status of the fish during the later infection phases.

U2 - 10.1017/S0022149X09990460

DO - 10.1017/S0022149X09990460

M3 - Journal article

VL - 84

SP - 166

EP - 172

JO - Journal of Helminthology

JF - Journal of Helminthology

SN - 0022-149X

IS - 2

ER -

ID: 19435650