Gastrointestinal motility in patients with end-stage renal disease on chronic hemodialysis

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Standard

Gastrointestinal motility in patients with end-stage renal disease on chronic hemodialysis. / Broberg, Bo; Madsen, Jan L.; Fuglsang, Stefan; Holst, Jens J.; Christensen, Karl Bang; Rydahl, Casper; Idorn, Thomas; Feldt-Rasmussen, Bo; Hornum, Mads.

I: Neurogastroenterology and Motility, Bind 31, Nr. 4, e13554, 2019.

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningfagfællebedømt

Harvard

Broberg, B, Madsen, JL, Fuglsang, S, Holst, JJ, Christensen, KB, Rydahl, C, Idorn, T, Feldt-Rasmussen, B & Hornum, M 2019, 'Gastrointestinal motility in patients with end-stage renal disease on chronic hemodialysis', Neurogastroenterology and Motility, bind 31, nr. 4, e13554. https://doi.org/10.1111/nmo.13554

APA

Broberg, B., Madsen, J. L., Fuglsang, S., Holst, J. J., Christensen, K. B., Rydahl, C., ... Hornum, M. (2019). Gastrointestinal motility in patients with end-stage renal disease on chronic hemodialysis. Neurogastroenterology and Motility, 31(4), [e13554]. https://doi.org/10.1111/nmo.13554

Vancouver

Broberg B, Madsen JL, Fuglsang S, Holst JJ, Christensen KB, Rydahl C o.a. Gastrointestinal motility in patients with end-stage renal disease on chronic hemodialysis. Neurogastroenterology and Motility. 2019;31(4). e13554. https://doi.org/10.1111/nmo.13554

Author

Broberg, Bo ; Madsen, Jan L. ; Fuglsang, Stefan ; Holst, Jens J. ; Christensen, Karl Bang ; Rydahl, Casper ; Idorn, Thomas ; Feldt-Rasmussen, Bo ; Hornum, Mads. / Gastrointestinal motility in patients with end-stage renal disease on chronic hemodialysis. I: Neurogastroenterology and Motility. 2019 ; Bind 31, Nr. 4.

Bibtex

@article{28cfd3e19cb14ff4bf4260929e599b16,
title = "Gastrointestinal motility in patients with end-stage renal disease on chronic hemodialysis",
abstract = "Background: Previous studies indicated delayed gastric emptying in patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) using indirect methods. The objective of the current study was to examine gastrointestinal motility using a direct method as well as the role of the incretin hormones and glucagon. Methods: Patients on chronic hemodialysis and with either normal glucose tolerance, impaired glucose tolerance or type 2 diabetes, and healthy control subjects (N = 8, respectively) were studied. Gastric emptying time was measured by repeated gamma camera imaging for 6 hours after intake of a radioactive labeled standardized mixed solid and liquid meal. Glucagon, glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1), and glucose-dependent insulinotropic polypeptide (GIP) levels were measured. Key Results: Patients were age, gender and BMI matched with controls. We found significantly higher gastric retention at 15 minutes, prolonged gastric mean emptying time, and gastric half-emptying time of the solid marker in all three groups of ESRD patients compared to controls. Significant differences in mean total area under the concentration curve (AUC) values across the four groups for GIP (P = 0.001), but not for GLP-1 and glucagon. The ESRD group had significant higher total AUC of GIP and glucagon compared to controls (P < 0.001 and P < 0.04) but not for GLP-1 (P = 0.4). No difference in incremental AUC was found. Conclusions and Inferences: We found altered gastrointestinal motility in dialysis patients, with higher gastric retention and prolonged gastric emptying, and higher total AUC of GIP and glucagon independent of the presence of diabetes or prediabetes.",
keywords = "diabetes mellitus, gastrointestinal motility, hemodialysis, intestinal hormones",
author = "Bo Broberg and Madsen, {Jan L.} and Stefan Fuglsang and Holst, {Jens J.} and Christensen, {Karl Bang} and Casper Rydahl and Thomas Idorn and Bo Feldt-Rasmussen and Mads Hornum",
year = "2019",
doi = "10.1111/nmo.13554",
language = "English",
volume = "31",
journal = "Neurogastroenterology and Motility Online",
issn = "1365-2982",
publisher = "Wiley-Blackwell",
number = "4",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Gastrointestinal motility in patients with end-stage renal disease on chronic hemodialysis

AU - Broberg, Bo

AU - Madsen, Jan L.

AU - Fuglsang, Stefan

AU - Holst, Jens J.

AU - Christensen, Karl Bang

AU - Rydahl, Casper

AU - Idorn, Thomas

AU - Feldt-Rasmussen, Bo

AU - Hornum, Mads

PY - 2019

Y1 - 2019

N2 - Background: Previous studies indicated delayed gastric emptying in patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) using indirect methods. The objective of the current study was to examine gastrointestinal motility using a direct method as well as the role of the incretin hormones and glucagon. Methods: Patients on chronic hemodialysis and with either normal glucose tolerance, impaired glucose tolerance or type 2 diabetes, and healthy control subjects (N = 8, respectively) were studied. Gastric emptying time was measured by repeated gamma camera imaging for 6 hours after intake of a radioactive labeled standardized mixed solid and liquid meal. Glucagon, glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1), and glucose-dependent insulinotropic polypeptide (GIP) levels were measured. Key Results: Patients were age, gender and BMI matched with controls. We found significantly higher gastric retention at 15 minutes, prolonged gastric mean emptying time, and gastric half-emptying time of the solid marker in all three groups of ESRD patients compared to controls. Significant differences in mean total area under the concentration curve (AUC) values across the four groups for GIP (P = 0.001), but not for GLP-1 and glucagon. The ESRD group had significant higher total AUC of GIP and glucagon compared to controls (P < 0.001 and P < 0.04) but not for GLP-1 (P = 0.4). No difference in incremental AUC was found. Conclusions and Inferences: We found altered gastrointestinal motility in dialysis patients, with higher gastric retention and prolonged gastric emptying, and higher total AUC of GIP and glucagon independent of the presence of diabetes or prediabetes.

AB - Background: Previous studies indicated delayed gastric emptying in patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) using indirect methods. The objective of the current study was to examine gastrointestinal motility using a direct method as well as the role of the incretin hormones and glucagon. Methods: Patients on chronic hemodialysis and with either normal glucose tolerance, impaired glucose tolerance or type 2 diabetes, and healthy control subjects (N = 8, respectively) were studied. Gastric emptying time was measured by repeated gamma camera imaging for 6 hours after intake of a radioactive labeled standardized mixed solid and liquid meal. Glucagon, glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1), and glucose-dependent insulinotropic polypeptide (GIP) levels were measured. Key Results: Patients were age, gender and BMI matched with controls. We found significantly higher gastric retention at 15 minutes, prolonged gastric mean emptying time, and gastric half-emptying time of the solid marker in all three groups of ESRD patients compared to controls. Significant differences in mean total area under the concentration curve (AUC) values across the four groups for GIP (P = 0.001), but not for GLP-1 and glucagon. The ESRD group had significant higher total AUC of GIP and glucagon compared to controls (P < 0.001 and P < 0.04) but not for GLP-1 (P = 0.4). No difference in incremental AUC was found. Conclusions and Inferences: We found altered gastrointestinal motility in dialysis patients, with higher gastric retention and prolonged gastric emptying, and higher total AUC of GIP and glucagon independent of the presence of diabetes or prediabetes.

KW - diabetes mellitus

KW - gastrointestinal motility

KW - hemodialysis

KW - intestinal hormones

U2 - 10.1111/nmo.13554

DO - 10.1111/nmo.13554

M3 - Journal article

VL - 31

JO - Neurogastroenterology and Motility Online

JF - Neurogastroenterology and Motility Online

SN - 1365-2982

IS - 4

M1 - e13554

ER -

ID: 214749566