Epicardial and pericardial adipose tissues are associated with reduced diastolic and systolic function in type 2 diabetes
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The aim of this study was to investigate the association of epicardial (EAT) and pericardial (PAT) adipose tissues with myocardial function in type 2 diabetes (T2D). EAT and PAT were measured by ultrasound in 770 patients with T2D and 234 age- and sex-matched non-diabetic controls. Echocardiography was performed, including tissue Doppler imaging and 2D speckle tracking. Patients with T2D versus controls had increased EAT (4.6 ± 1.8 mm vs. 3.4 ± 1.2 mm, P < 0.0001) and PAT (6.3 ± 2.8 mm vs. 5.3 ± 2.4 mm, P < 0.0001). EAT and PAT were associated with structural cardiac measures both in T2D patients and controls (all P < 0.043), but only in T2D patients with functional measures: PAT was associated with impaired global longitudinal strain [beta coefficient (SE)] [0.11% (0.04), P = 0.002], while EAT was associated with reduced diastolic function by lateral early diastolic myocardial velocity (e’lat) [−0.31 (0.05) cm/s, P = 0.001], mitral inflow velocities: peak early (E)/peak atrial (A) ratio [−0.02 (0.01), P = 0.001] and lateral E/e’lat [0.36 (0.10), P < 0.001]. However, no interaction was found between diabetes status and PAT (P = 0.75) or EAT (P = 0.45). Adipose tissue in intimate relation to the myocardium is higher in patients with T2D versus controls and is associated with functional myocardial measures in T2D.
|Tidsskrift||Diabetes, Obesity and Metabolism|
|Status||Udgivet - 2019|