Comparative molecular evolution of Trichoderma chitinases in response to mycoparasitic interactions

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningfagfællebedømt

Katarina Ihrmark, Nashwan Asmail, Wimal Ubhayasekera, Petter Melin, Jan Stenlid, Magnus Karlsson

Certain species of the fungal genus Trichoderma are potent mycoparasites and are used for biological control of fungal diseases on agricultural crops. In Trichoderma, whole-genome sequencing reveal between 20 and 36 different genes encoding chitinases, hydrolytic enzymes that are involved in the mycoparasitic attack. Sequences of Trichoderma chitinase genes chi18-5, chi18-13, chi18-15 and chi18-17, which all exhibit specific expression during mycoparasitism-related conditions, were determined from up to 13 different taxa and studied with regard to their evolutionary patterns. Two of them, chi18-13 and chi18-17, are members of the B1/B2 chitinase subgroup that have expanded significantly in paralog number in mycoparasitic Hypocrea atroviridis and H. virens. Chi18-13 contains two codons that evolve under positive selection and seven groups of co-evolving sites. Chi18-15 displays a unique codon-usage and contains five codons that evolve under positive selection and three groups of co-evolving sites. Regions of high amino acid variability are preferentially localized to substrate- or product side of the catalytic clefts. Differences in amino acid diversity/conservation patterns between different Trichoderma clades are observed. These observations show that Trichoderma chitinases chi18-13 and chi18-15 evolve in a manner consistent with rapid co-evolutionary interactions and identifies putative target regions involved in determining substrate-specificity.
TidsskriftEvolutionary Bioinformatics Online
Sider (fra-til)1-26
StatusUdgivet - 15 mar. 2010

Bibliografisk note

Keywords: protein evolution, Trichoderma, mycoparasitism, chitinase

ID: 33862610