A small skull from Flores dated to the 20th century

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningfagfællebedømt

Chiara Villa, Liselott Persson, Verner Alexandersen, Niels Lynnerup

A human skull with mandible from the Ngada District on the island of Flores, Indonesia, is described in order to contribute to the knowledge of variation in cranial architecture, which is important in interpretations of evolutionary cerebralisation. The skull was excavated in 1924 and sent to the National Museum in Copenhagen. The "Copenhagen Flores" (CF) male skull is radiocarbon-dated and of modern age. The cranium is small, but larger than e.g. Liang Bua skull (LB1) in every measurement. The (CT-scan based) cranial capacity of 1258 ml is normal for modern humans, but somewhat lower than values from the middle or upper Palaeolithics. The metric cranial data analysed in FORDISC, characterize the skull as a male Vietnamese rather than a Chinese or White individual. Tooth morphology shows the sundadont pattern and tooth size corresponds to that of teeth from Bali, Java and Malayan Orang Asli. Remarkable are the marked asymmetries in the dentition with rotation of an upper premolar and congenital absence of a third molar. In these respects the CF skull is similar to dentitions belonging to the pygmoid villagers of Rampasasa, a village not far from the Liang Bua cave, and to LB1.
OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftHOMO - Journal of Comparative Human Biology
Vol/bind63
Udgave nummer1
Sider (fra-til)12-20
Antal sider9
ISSN0018-442X
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 2012

ID: 40290076