Hepatic Glucose Production, Ureagenesis, and Lipolysis Quantified using the Perfused Mouse Liver Model

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The liver has numerous functions, including nutrient metabolism. In contrast to other in vitro and in vivo models of liver research, the isolated perfused liver allows the study of liver biology and metabolism in the whole liver with an intact hepatic architecture, separated from the influence of extra-hepatic factors. Liver perfusions were originally developed for rats, but the method has been adapted to mice as well. Here we describe a protocol for in situ perfusion of the mouse liver. The liver is perfused antegradely through the portal vein with oxygenated Krebs-Henseleit bicarbonate buffer, and the output is collected from the suprahepatic inferior vena cava with clamping of the infrahepatic inferior vena cava to close the circuit. Using this method, the direct hepatic effects of a test compound can be evaluated with a detailed time resolution. Liver function and viability are stable for at least 3 h, allowing the inclusion of internal controls in the same experiment. The experimental possibilities using this model are numerous and may infer insight into liver physiology and liver diseases.

TidsskriftJournal of Visualized Experiments
Udgave nummer200
StatusUdgivet - 2023

Bibliografisk note

Funding Information:
The studies and Nicolai J. Wewer Albrechtsen were supported by Novo Nordisk Foundation Excellence Emerging Investigator Grant - Endocrinology and Metabolism (Application No. NNF19OC0055001), European Foundation for the Study of Diabetes Future Leader Award (NNF21SA0072746) and Independent Research Fund Denmark, Sapere Aude (1052-00003B). Novo Nordisk Foundation Center for Protein Research is supported financially by the Novo Nordisk Foundation (Grant agreement NNF14CC0001). Figure 1B was created with biorender.com. We thank Dr. Rune E. Kuhre (Novo Nordisk A/S) for fruitful discussions on the perfused mouse liver.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2023 JoVE Journal of Visualized Experiments.

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