Urinary and plasma metabolome of farm mink (Neovison vison) after an intervention with raw or cooked poultry offal: a 1H NMR investigation

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The introduction of high amounts of cooked poultry offal in mink feed has been associated with health problems in growing mink. Cooking mink feed is a convenient way of reducing microbiological activity, but it may have a negative effect on raw material quality and animal welfare. This study investigates growth and health of mink fed raw or cooked poultry offal and describes urinary and blood plasma metabolic changes related to the feeding. A total of 65 male mink were divided in three feeding groups, two fed cooked offal and one group fed raw offal, and the plasma and urine samples were collected at 3 time points during the growth. Both bio-fluids and feed samples were measured by H-1 NMR spectroscopy and resulted metabolomics data were analysed using univariate and multivariate statistical methods that revealed dominating effect of the mink growth stages and to a less extent the feeding regime. Metabolome differences in relation to low body mass index (BMI) and kidney lesions were observed in plasma. Disease and decrease in BMI was associated with high creatinine and dimethylglycine content in plasma. These molecules were also particularly indicative of the cooked feeds. Moreover, low urinary taurine levels were also associated with disease and low BMI. Individual mink appeared to show negative effects of the cooked feed diet, including impaired growth and gross pathological lesions involving the kidneys. This may be related to the absorption of essential metabolites such as amino acids and fats, necessary for mink growth, that are negatively impacted by the cooking process.

Original languageEnglish
JournalArchives of Animal Nutrition
Issue number1
Pages (from-to)74-91
Publication statusPublished - 2022

    Research areas

  • Metabolomics, mink, Neovison vison, NMR spectroscopy, poultry offal, processing, protein digestibility, MUSTELA-VISON, SOYBEAN-MEAL, AMINO-ACIDS, NMR, DIGESTIBILITY, H-1, SPECTROSCOPY, COMBINATION, BIOMARKERS, EXCRETION

ID: 302347379