Synergistic effects of agonists and two-pore-domain potassium channels on secretory responses of human pancreatic duct cells Capan-1

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Mechanisms of synergistic agonist stimulation and modulation of the electrochemical driving force for anion secretion are still not fully explored in human pancreatic duct epithelial cells. The first objective of this study was therefore to test whether combined agonist stimulation augments anion transport responses in the Capan-1 monolayer model of human pancreatic duct epithelium. The second objective was to test the influence of H+,K+-ATPase inhibition on anion transport in Capan-1 monolayers. The third objective was to analyze the expression and function of K+ channels in Capan-1, which could support anion secretion and cooperate with H+,K+-ATPases in pH and potassium homeostasis. The human pancreatic adenocarcinoma cell line Capan-1 was cultured conventionally or as polarized monolayers that were analyzed by Ussing chamber electrophysiological recordings. Single-cell intracellular calcium was assayed with Fura-2. mRNA isolated from Capan-1 was analyzed by use of the nCounter assay or RT-PCR. Protein expression was assessed by immunofluorescence and western blot analyses. Combined stimulation with different physiological agonists enhanced anion transport responses compared to single agonist stimulation. The responsiveness of Capan-1 cells to histamine was also revealed in these experiments. The H+,K+-ATPase inhibitor omeprazole reduced carbachol- and riluzole-induced anion transport responses. Transcript analyses revealed abundant TASK-2, TWIK-1, TWIK-2, TASK-5, KCa3.1, and KCNQ1 mRNA expression. KCNE1 mRNA and TREK-1, TREK-2, TASK-2, and KCNQ1 protein expression were also shown. This study shows that the Capan-1 model recapitulates key physiological aspects of a bicarbonate-secreting epithelium and constitutes a valuable model for functional studies on human pancreatic duct epithelium.

TidsskriftPflügers Archiv - European Journal of Physiology
Antal sider19
StatusUdgivet - 2023

Bibliografisk note

Funding Information:
This study was supported by the Novo Nordisk Foundation (grant No. (NNF13OC0007353)) and the Lundbeck Foundation (grant No. R173-2014–1462), grant from Independent Research Fund Denmark/Medical Sciences (DFF-8020-00254B), and Marie Skłodowska-Curie Innovative Training Network (ITN) (grant Agreement number: 813834, pHioniC, H2020-MSCA-ITN-2018).

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© 2022, The Author(s).

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