Studies of insulin resistance in congenital generalized lipodystrophy

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Two well-characterized patients with congenital, generalized lipodystrophy have been studied by the euglycaemic hyperinsulinaemic clamp technique in combination with indirect calorimetry. Furthermore, glycogen synthase in muscle biopsies was studied in one patient with regard to enzyme activity, immunoreactive protein and mRNA levels. The patients had fasting hyperinsulinaemia, and the rate of total glucose disposal was severely impaired, primarily due to a decreased non-oxidative glucose metabolism. In the patient studied with muscle biopsy, the expected activation of glycogen synthase by insulin did not occur. In both patients there was severely increased hepatic glucose output in the basal state, suggesting a failure of insulin to suppress hepatic gluconeogenesis. During insulin infusion a substantially elevated rate of lipid oxidation remained in the patients, in contrast to the almost completely suppressed lipid oxidation in the controls. It is concluded that patients with congenital generalized lipodystrophy may present severe insulin resistance with regard to hepatic glucose production as well as muscle glycogen synthesis and lipid oxidation. The results suggest a postreceptor defect in the action of insulin in congenital generalized lipodystrophy. The further localization of such a defect is hampered by the still incomplete understanding of the pathways that link insulin-stimulated tyrosine phosphorylation to the ultimate action of insulin upon target cells.
TidsskriftActa Paediatrica. Supplement
Sider (fra-til)29-37
Antal sider9
StatusUdgivet - jun. 1996

ID: 92193101