Evaluation and application of ribotyping for epidemiological studies of Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae in Denmark
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The aim of the present study was to evaluate ribotyping as an epidemiological tool for Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae and apply the method in studies of A. pleuropneumoniae infections in Danish pig herds. The evaluation of ribotyping was based on the 13 international reference strains and 106 epidemiologically unrelated Danish field strains representing the nine serotypes of biotype 1 (1, 2, 5A/B, 6, 7, 8, 10, 12, and K2:O7) and one serotype 14 of biotype 2. Enzymes CfoI and HindIII were chosen for generation of ribotype patterns. Ribotyping of the reference strains resulted in 10 CfoI types and II HindIII types. Ribotyping of the Danish strains resulted in 17 different CfoI ribotypes and 24 different HindIII ribotypes. Combining HindIII- and CfoI-ribotyping divided the Danish strains into 26 different types. The stability, reproducibility and typability of ribotype patterns were good, and the discriminatory power was between 0.85-0.89. The relatively low discriminatory power was caused by four predominant types, containing 61% of the isolates. The typing system was applied in studies of routes of infection of specific pathogen-free (SPF) pig herds and included 112 strains of A. pleuropneumoniae. Airborne transmission from neighboring conventional pig farms was investigated in 12 cases of infected SPF herds. Transmission via vehicles transporting pigs between SPF herds was investigated in nine cases while transmission by trading of pigs between SPF herds was investigated in two cases. Serotype 2 was isolated from all SPF herds included in this study, except one, emphasizing the high prevalence of this serotype in Denmark. By ribotyping, airborne transmission was indicated in five of 12 cases, transmission via pig transporting vehicle was indicated in six of nine cases, and transmission via trading was indicated in one of two cases. In many cases findings of predominant ribotypes made interpretations of suspected routes of transmission difficult. The relationship of strains based on ribotypes was calculated using Dices coefficient and clustered by UPGMA. HindIII ribotypes of serotype 2 strains were closely related, though only showing 33% similarity to HindIII ribotypes of remaining serotypes. (C) 1998 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.
|Status||Udgivet - 1998|