Barrier properties of ex vivo porcine intestinal mucus are highly independent of isolation and storage conditions

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Porcine intestinal mucus (PIM) is often utilized as an ex vivo mucus model in mucus interaction studies. However, numerous isolation procedures and storage conditions for PIM are reported, yet their potential impact on preserving the critical properties of PIM remains unknown. This study investigated the effect of isolation procedures (rinsing and anatomical site of mucus isolation) and storage conditions (−20 °C, −80 °C, snap frozen in liquid nitrogen prior to storage at −80 °C, or freeze-dried followed by storage at room temperature and reconstitution) of PIM in regard to the permeation of fluorescein-isothiocyanate-labelled dextran (FD) macromolecules of 4, 40 and 150 kDa, rheological properties as well as pH, osmolality, protein and water content. Rinsing intestines with tap water or phosphate-buffered saline as well as isolating PIM from different regions of the first five meters of the proximal jejunum did not affect the pH or osmolality of isolated PIM. The permeation of FD4, FD40 and FD150 through stored PIM was similar to permeation through fresh PIM. The rheological properties of stored PIM were similar to properties of fresh PIM. Osmolality, protein and water content were similar in stored and fresh PIM whereas pH decreased with 0.3 unit for all stored PIMs. Overall, PIM samples stored at −20°, −80 °C, snap frozen or freeze-dried were found to have similar properties to freshly isolated PIM and can all be considered good alternatives to fresh PIM for mucus studies.

TidsskriftEuropean Journal of Pharmaceutics and Biopharmaceutics
Sider (fra-til)106-110
StatusUdgivet - 2022

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