An evaluation of twelve nested models of transperitoneal transport of urea: the one-compartment assumption is valid
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Models of transperitoneal urea transport are generally based on the one-compartment assumption, i.e. that the plasma water urea concentration in the peritoneal capillary bed is equal to the plasma water urea concentration in the peripheral veins. The aim of this study was to investigate the mechanism(s) of transperitoneal urea transport and to test the one-compartment assumption for urea. A total of 12 nested models were formulated and validated on the basis of experimental results obtained from 23 non-diabetic patients undergoing peritoneal dialysis. The validation procedure demonstrated that transperitoneal transport of urea probably involves diffusion, non-lymphatic convection and lymphatic convection. It was furthermore demonstrated that the inclusion of lymphatic convection changes the mass transfer area coefficient considerably. Finally, no deviation from the one-compartment assumption was demonstrated by our results.
|Scandinavian Journal of Clinical & Laboratory Investigation
|Udgivet - jul. 1995