Rapid range shifts and megafaunal extinctions associated with late Pleistocene climate change

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

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Rapid range shifts and megafaunal extinctions associated with late Pleistocene climate change. / Seersholm, Frederik V.; Werndly, Daniel J.; Grealy, Alicia; Johnson, Taryn; Keenan Early, Erin M.; Lundelius, Ernest L.; Winsborough, Barbara; Farr, Grayal Earle; Toomey, Rickard; Hansen, Anders J.; Shapiro, Beth; Waters, Michael R.; McDonald, Gregory; Linderholm, Anna; Stafford, Thomas W.; Bunce, Michael.

In: Nature Communications, Vol. 11, No. 1, 2770, 2020.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

Harvard

Seersholm, FV, Werndly, DJ, Grealy, A, Johnson, T, Keenan Early, EM, Lundelius, EL, Winsborough, B, Farr, GE, Toomey, R, Hansen, AJ, Shapiro, B, Waters, MR, McDonald, G, Linderholm, A, Stafford, TW & Bunce, M 2020, 'Rapid range shifts and megafaunal extinctions associated with late Pleistocene climate change', Nature Communications, vol. 11, no. 1, 2770. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41467-020-16502-3

APA

Seersholm, F. V., Werndly, D. J., Grealy, A., Johnson, T., Keenan Early, E. M., Lundelius, E. L., Winsborough, B., Farr, G. E., Toomey, R., Hansen, A. J., Shapiro, B., Waters, M. R., McDonald, G., Linderholm, A., Stafford, T. W., & Bunce, M. (2020). Rapid range shifts and megafaunal extinctions associated with late Pleistocene climate change. Nature Communications, 11(1), [2770]. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41467-020-16502-3

Vancouver

Seersholm FV, Werndly DJ, Grealy A, Johnson T, Keenan Early EM, Lundelius EL et al. Rapid range shifts and megafaunal extinctions associated with late Pleistocene climate change. Nature Communications. 2020;11(1). 2770. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41467-020-16502-3

Author

Seersholm, Frederik V. ; Werndly, Daniel J. ; Grealy, Alicia ; Johnson, Taryn ; Keenan Early, Erin M. ; Lundelius, Ernest L. ; Winsborough, Barbara ; Farr, Grayal Earle ; Toomey, Rickard ; Hansen, Anders J. ; Shapiro, Beth ; Waters, Michael R. ; McDonald, Gregory ; Linderholm, Anna ; Stafford, Thomas W. ; Bunce, Michael. / Rapid range shifts and megafaunal extinctions associated with late Pleistocene climate change. In: Nature Communications. 2020 ; Vol. 11, No. 1.

Bibtex

@article{e884ef58c4f84d95a12e2f53c4c29c0e,
title = "Rapid range shifts and megafaunal extinctions associated with late Pleistocene climate change",
abstract = "Large-scale changes in global climate at the end of the Pleistocene significantly impacted ecosystems across North America. However, the pace and scale of biotic turnover in response to both the Younger Dryas cold period and subsequent Holocene rapid warming have been challenging to assess because of the scarcity of well dated fossil and pollen records that covers this period. Here we present an ancient DNA record from Hall{\textquoteright}s Cave, Texas, that documents 100 vertebrate and 45 plant taxa from bulk fossils and sediment. We show that local plant and animal diversity dropped markedly during Younger Dryas cooling, but while plant diversity recovered in the early Holocene, animal diversity did not. Instead, five extant and nine extinct large bodied animals disappeared from the region at the end of the Pleistocene. Our findings suggest that climate change affected the local ecosystem in Texas over the Pleistocene-Holocene boundary, but climate change on its own may not explain the disappearance of the megafauna at the end of the Pleistocene.",
author = "Seersholm, {Frederik V.} and Werndly, {Daniel J.} and Alicia Grealy and Taryn Johnson and {Keenan Early}, {Erin M.} and Lundelius, {Ernest L.} and Barbara Winsborough and Farr, {Grayal Earle} and Rickard Toomey and Hansen, {Anders J.} and Beth Shapiro and Waters, {Michael R.} and Gregory McDonald and Anna Linderholm and Stafford, {Thomas W.} and Michael Bunce",
year = "2020",
doi = "10.1038/s41467-020-16502-3",
language = "English",
volume = "11",
journal = "Nature Communications",
issn = "2041-1723",
publisher = "nature publishing group",
number = "1",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Rapid range shifts and megafaunal extinctions associated with late Pleistocene climate change

AU - Seersholm, Frederik V.

AU - Werndly, Daniel J.

AU - Grealy, Alicia

AU - Johnson, Taryn

AU - Keenan Early, Erin M.

AU - Lundelius, Ernest L.

AU - Winsborough, Barbara

AU - Farr, Grayal Earle

AU - Toomey, Rickard

AU - Hansen, Anders J.

AU - Shapiro, Beth

AU - Waters, Michael R.

AU - McDonald, Gregory

AU - Linderholm, Anna

AU - Stafford, Thomas W.

AU - Bunce, Michael

PY - 2020

Y1 - 2020

N2 - Large-scale changes in global climate at the end of the Pleistocene significantly impacted ecosystems across North America. However, the pace and scale of biotic turnover in response to both the Younger Dryas cold period and subsequent Holocene rapid warming have been challenging to assess because of the scarcity of well dated fossil and pollen records that covers this period. Here we present an ancient DNA record from Hall’s Cave, Texas, that documents 100 vertebrate and 45 plant taxa from bulk fossils and sediment. We show that local plant and animal diversity dropped markedly during Younger Dryas cooling, but while plant diversity recovered in the early Holocene, animal diversity did not. Instead, five extant and nine extinct large bodied animals disappeared from the region at the end of the Pleistocene. Our findings suggest that climate change affected the local ecosystem in Texas over the Pleistocene-Holocene boundary, but climate change on its own may not explain the disappearance of the megafauna at the end of the Pleistocene.

AB - Large-scale changes in global climate at the end of the Pleistocene significantly impacted ecosystems across North America. However, the pace and scale of biotic turnover in response to both the Younger Dryas cold period and subsequent Holocene rapid warming have been challenging to assess because of the scarcity of well dated fossil and pollen records that covers this period. Here we present an ancient DNA record from Hall’s Cave, Texas, that documents 100 vertebrate and 45 plant taxa from bulk fossils and sediment. We show that local plant and animal diversity dropped markedly during Younger Dryas cooling, but while plant diversity recovered in the early Holocene, animal diversity did not. Instead, five extant and nine extinct large bodied animals disappeared from the region at the end of the Pleistocene. Our findings suggest that climate change affected the local ecosystem in Texas over the Pleistocene-Holocene boundary, but climate change on its own may not explain the disappearance of the megafauna at the end of the Pleistocene.

U2 - 10.1038/s41467-020-16502-3

DO - 10.1038/s41467-020-16502-3

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 32488006

AN - SCOPUS:85085910025

VL - 11

JO - Nature Communications

JF - Nature Communications

SN - 2041-1723

IS - 1

M1 - 2770

ER -

ID: 243248005