Low-grade inflammation in young adults exposed to intrauterine hyperglycemia

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AIM: To investigate associations between fetal exposure to intrauterine hyperglycemia and plasma concentrations of interleukin-6 (IL-6) and high sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) in adult offspring. METHOD: We studied 597 offspring, aged 18-27years, from four different groups concerning exposure to intrauterine hyperglycemia and genetic predisposition to type 2 diabetes (offspring of women with: gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM), risk factors for GDM but normal glucose tolerance, type 1 diabetes and women from the background population, respectively). The participants were characterized by fasting plasma levels of IL-6 and hs-CRP, a 75g oral glucose tolerance test and anthropometric measurements. RESULTS: No association between intrauterine exposure to hyperglycemia and levels of IL-6 and hs-CRP in the offspring was found. In contrast maternal overweight (body mass index =25kg/m(2)) was positively associated with levels of both IL-6 and hs-CRP (p for both=0.003). Offspring who had already developed overweight or conditions of abnormal glucose tolerance were characterized by higher levels of IL-6 and hs-CRP compared with the remaining offspring (all p
Original languageEnglish
JournalDiabetes Research and Clinical Practice
Issue number2
Pages (from-to)322-330
Number of pages9
Publication statusPublished - 2012

ID: 38334704