Normal values of myocardial blood flow measured with dynamic myocardial CT perfusion

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Dynamic myocardial computed tomography (CT) perfusion (DM-CTP) can, in combination with coronary CT angiography (CCTA), provide anatomical and functional evaluation of coronary artery disease (CAD). However, normal values of myocardial blood flow (MBF) are needed to identify impaired myocardial blood supply in patients with suspected CAD. We aimed to establish normal values for MBF measured using DM-CTP, to assess the effects of age and sex, and to assess regional distribution of MBF.

Methods and results
A total of 82 healthy individuals (46 women) aged 45–78 years with normal coronary arteries by CCTA underwent either rest and adenosine stress DM-CTP (n = 30) or adenosine-induced stress DM-CTP only (n = 52). Global and segmental MBF were assessed. Global MBF at rest and during stress were 0.93 ± 0.42 and 3.58 ± 1.14 mL/min/g, respectively. MBF was not different between the sexes (P = 0.88 at rest and P = 0.61 during stress), and no correlation was observed between MBF and age (P = 0.08 at rest and P = 0.82 during stress). Among the 16 myocardial segments, significant intersegmental differences were found (P < 0.01), which was not related to age, sex, or coronary dominance.

MBF assessed by DM-CTP in healthy individuals with normal coronary arteries displays significant intersegmental heterogeneity which does not seem to be affected by age, sex, or coronary dominance. Normal values of MBF may be helpful in the clinical evaluation of suspected myocardial ischaemia using DM-CTP.
TidsskriftEuropean heart journal. Cardiovascular Imaging
StatusE-pub ahead of print - 2024

Bibliografisk note

© The Author(s) 2024. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the European Society of Cardiology. All rights reserved. For permissions, please e-mail:

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