VC1 catalyses a key step in the biosynthesis of vicine in faba bean

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  • Emilie Björnsdotter
  • Marcin Nadzieja
  • Wei Chang
  • Leandro Escobar-Herrera
  • Mancinotti, Davide
  • Deepti Angra
  • Xia, Xinxing
  • Rebecca Tacke
  • Hamid Khazaei
  • Christoph Crocoll
  • Albert Vandenberg
  • Wolfgang Link
  • Frederick L. Stoddard
  • Donal M. O'Sullivan
  • Jens Stougaard
  • Alan H. Schulman
  • Stig U. Andersen
  • Geu-Flores, Fernando

Faba bean (Vicia faba L.) is a widely adapted and high-yielding legume cultivated for its protein-rich seeds(1). However, the seeds accumulate the pyrimidine glucosides vicine and convicine, which can cause haemolytic anaemia (favism) in 400 million genetically predisposed individuals(2). Here, we use gene-to-metabolite correlations, gene mapping and genetic complementation to identify VC1 as a key enzyme in vicine and convicine biosynthesis. We demonstrate that VC1 has GTP cyclohydrolase II activity and that the purine GTP is a precursor of both vicine and convicine. Finally, we show that cultivars with low vicine and convicine levels carry an inactivating insertion in the coding sequence of VC1. Our results reveal an unexpected, purine rather than pyrimidine, biosynthetic origin for vicine and convicine and pave the way for the development of faba bean cultivars that are free of these anti-nutrients.

TidsskriftNature Plants
Sider (fra-til)923–931
StatusUdgivet - 2021

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