Uptake of the lateral flow urine LAM test in Europe and Central Asia

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  • C. Kraef
  • A. Yedilbayev
  • N. Seguy
  • A. Bentzon
  • D. Podlekareva
  • D. M. Cirillo
  • M. J. van der Werf
  • Kirk, Ole

INTRODUCTION: Since 2015 (updated in 2019), the WHO has recommended to include the commercial lateral flow urine lipoarabinomannan TB test (LF-LAM), AlereLAM, in the diagnostic toolkit for severely ill people living with HIV. METHODS: To assess the current use and barriers to the implementation of the test, we conducted an electronic survey among national focal points and managers of TB and HIV programmes in the 53 Member States of the WHO European Region and a European network of clinicians working in TB and HIV medicine. RESULTS: In all, 45 individual responses (37 countries) were received from programme managers and focal points and 17 responses (14 countries) from clinicians. Only eight countries reported adopting LF-LAM policies, with only four currently using the AlereLAM (Armenia, Belarus, Ukraine and Uzbekistan). The most commonly reported barriers to implementing the test were the small number of eligible patients (with HIV-TB co-infections), the test not being included in the TB or HIV programme's mandate and lack of budget allocation. CONCLUSION: Consistent with findings from high TB burden countries in Africa and Asia, the survey demonstrated that uptake of AlereLAM is almost nonexistent. Addressing the identified barriers and the intrinsic limitations of the test could help to increase the use of the test.

TidsskriftInternational Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
Udgave nummer9
Sider (fra-til)835-841
Antal sider7
StatusUdgivet - 2022

Bibliografisk note

Funding Information:
OK received funding from the Independent Research Fund, Odense, Denmark.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022 The Union.

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