Thymus size and its correlates among children admitted with severe acute malnutrition: A cross-sectional study in Uganda

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Thymus size and its correlates among children admitted with severe acute malnutrition : A cross-sectional study in Uganda. / Nabukeera-Barungi, Nicolette; Lanyero, Betty; Grenov, Benedikte; Friis, Henrik; Namusoke, Hanifa; Mupere, Ezekiel; Michaelsen, Kim F.; Mølgaard, Christian; Wiese, Maria; Nielsen, Dennis S; Mohammed, Musemma K; Christensen, Vibeke Bak; Rytter, Maren.

I: B M C Pediatrics, Bind 21, 1, 2021.

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningfagfællebedømt

Harvard

Nabukeera-Barungi, N, Lanyero, B, Grenov, B, Friis, H, Namusoke, H, Mupere, E, Michaelsen, KF, Mølgaard, C, Wiese, M, Nielsen, DS, Mohammed, MK, Christensen, VB & Rytter, M 2021, 'Thymus size and its correlates among children admitted with severe acute malnutrition: A cross-sectional study in Uganda', B M C Pediatrics, bind 21, 1. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12887-020-02457-3

APA

Nabukeera-Barungi, N., Lanyero, B., Grenov, B., Friis, H., Namusoke, H., Mupere, E., Michaelsen, K. F., Mølgaard, C., Wiese, M., Nielsen, D. S., Mohammed, M. K., Christensen, V. B., & Rytter, M. (2021). Thymus size and its correlates among children admitted with severe acute malnutrition: A cross-sectional study in Uganda. B M C Pediatrics, 21, [1]. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12887-020-02457-3

Vancouver

Nabukeera-Barungi N, Lanyero B, Grenov B, Friis H, Namusoke H, Mupere E o.a. Thymus size and its correlates among children admitted with severe acute malnutrition: A cross-sectional study in Uganda. B M C Pediatrics. 2021;21. 1. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12887-020-02457-3

Author

Nabukeera-Barungi, Nicolette ; Lanyero, Betty ; Grenov, Benedikte ; Friis, Henrik ; Namusoke, Hanifa ; Mupere, Ezekiel ; Michaelsen, Kim F. ; Mølgaard, Christian ; Wiese, Maria ; Nielsen, Dennis S ; Mohammed, Musemma K ; Christensen, Vibeke Bak ; Rytter, Maren. / Thymus size and its correlates among children admitted with severe acute malnutrition : A cross-sectional study in Uganda. I: B M C Pediatrics. 2021 ; Bind 21.

Bibtex

@article{d3d4cb222ab3401297f4ad6d00284943,
title = "Thymus size and its correlates among children admitted with severe acute malnutrition: A cross-sectional study in Uganda",
abstract = "Background: Malnutrition continues to be a major cause of mortality and morbidity among children in resource limited settings. Children with severe acute malnutrition (SAM) experience severe thymus atrophy, possibly reflecting poor immune function. This immune dysfunction is responsible for the severe infections they experience which lead to mortality. Since their immune dysfunction is not fully understood and there has been a lapse in research in this field, more research is needed. Knowing the correlates of thymus size may help clinicians identify those with more severe atrophy who might have more severe immune impairment. We aimed to describe thymus size and its correlates at admission among children hospitalized with SAM.Methods: This cross-sectional study involved children 6-59 months admitted with complicated SAM in Mulago National Referral Hospital. Well-nourished children from same communities were used as a community reference group for thymus size. At admission, thymus size was measured by ultrasound scan. Demographic, clinical and laboratory variables were identified at admission. A linear regression model was used to determine correlates of thymus size among children with SAM.Results: Among 388 children with SAM, the mean age was 17±8.5 months and 58% were boys. The mean thymus size was 3.14 (95% CI 2.9; 3.4) cm2 lower than that of the 27 healthy community reference children (1.06 vs 4.2 cm2, p<0.001) when controlled for age. Thymus size positively correlated with current breastfeeding (0.14, 95% CI 0.01, 0.26), anthropometric measurements at admission (weight, length, mid-upper-arm circumference, weight-for-height Z scores and length-for-age Z scores) and suspected tuberculosis (0.12, 95% CI 0.01; 0.22). Thymus size negatively correlated with > 2 weeks duration of sickness (-0.10; 95% CI -0.19; -0.01).Conclusion: The thymus is indeed a barometer for nutrition since all anthropometric measurements and breastfeeding were associated with bigger thymus. The immune benefits of breastfeeding among children with SAM is underscored. Children with longer duration of illness had a smaller thymus gland indicating that infections have a role in the cause or consequence of thymus atrophy.",
keywords = "Faculty of Science, Thymus, Ultrasound, Size, Severe acute malnutrition, Breastfeeding, Children",
author = "Nicolette Nabukeera-Barungi and Betty Lanyero and Benedikte Grenov and Henrik Friis and Hanifa Namusoke and Ezekiel Mupere and Michaelsen, {Kim F.} and Christian M{\o}lgaard and Maria Wiese and Nielsen, {Dennis S} and Mohammed, {Musemma K} and Christensen, {Vibeke Bak} and Maren Rytter",
note = "CURIS 2021 NEXS 010",
year = "2021",
doi = "10.1186/s12887-020-02457-3",
language = "English",
volume = "21",
journal = "B M C Pediatrics",
issn = "1471-2431",
publisher = "BioMed Central Ltd.",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Thymus size and its correlates among children admitted with severe acute malnutrition

T2 - A cross-sectional study in Uganda

AU - Nabukeera-Barungi, Nicolette

AU - Lanyero, Betty

AU - Grenov, Benedikte

AU - Friis, Henrik

AU - Namusoke, Hanifa

AU - Mupere, Ezekiel

AU - Michaelsen, Kim F.

AU - Mølgaard, Christian

AU - Wiese, Maria

AU - Nielsen, Dennis S

AU - Mohammed, Musemma K

AU - Christensen, Vibeke Bak

AU - Rytter, Maren

N1 - CURIS 2021 NEXS 010

PY - 2021

Y1 - 2021

N2 - Background: Malnutrition continues to be a major cause of mortality and morbidity among children in resource limited settings. Children with severe acute malnutrition (SAM) experience severe thymus atrophy, possibly reflecting poor immune function. This immune dysfunction is responsible for the severe infections they experience which lead to mortality. Since their immune dysfunction is not fully understood and there has been a lapse in research in this field, more research is needed. Knowing the correlates of thymus size may help clinicians identify those with more severe atrophy who might have more severe immune impairment. We aimed to describe thymus size and its correlates at admission among children hospitalized with SAM.Methods: This cross-sectional study involved children 6-59 months admitted with complicated SAM in Mulago National Referral Hospital. Well-nourished children from same communities were used as a community reference group for thymus size. At admission, thymus size was measured by ultrasound scan. Demographic, clinical and laboratory variables were identified at admission. A linear regression model was used to determine correlates of thymus size among children with SAM.Results: Among 388 children with SAM, the mean age was 17±8.5 months and 58% were boys. The mean thymus size was 3.14 (95% CI 2.9; 3.4) cm2 lower than that of the 27 healthy community reference children (1.06 vs 4.2 cm2, p<0.001) when controlled for age. Thymus size positively correlated with current breastfeeding (0.14, 95% CI 0.01, 0.26), anthropometric measurements at admission (weight, length, mid-upper-arm circumference, weight-for-height Z scores and length-for-age Z scores) and suspected tuberculosis (0.12, 95% CI 0.01; 0.22). Thymus size negatively correlated with > 2 weeks duration of sickness (-0.10; 95% CI -0.19; -0.01).Conclusion: The thymus is indeed a barometer for nutrition since all anthropometric measurements and breastfeeding were associated with bigger thymus. The immune benefits of breastfeeding among children with SAM is underscored. Children with longer duration of illness had a smaller thymus gland indicating that infections have a role in the cause or consequence of thymus atrophy.

AB - Background: Malnutrition continues to be a major cause of mortality and morbidity among children in resource limited settings. Children with severe acute malnutrition (SAM) experience severe thymus atrophy, possibly reflecting poor immune function. This immune dysfunction is responsible for the severe infections they experience which lead to mortality. Since their immune dysfunction is not fully understood and there has been a lapse in research in this field, more research is needed. Knowing the correlates of thymus size may help clinicians identify those with more severe atrophy who might have more severe immune impairment. We aimed to describe thymus size and its correlates at admission among children hospitalized with SAM.Methods: This cross-sectional study involved children 6-59 months admitted with complicated SAM in Mulago National Referral Hospital. Well-nourished children from same communities were used as a community reference group for thymus size. At admission, thymus size was measured by ultrasound scan. Demographic, clinical and laboratory variables were identified at admission. A linear regression model was used to determine correlates of thymus size among children with SAM.Results: Among 388 children with SAM, the mean age was 17±8.5 months and 58% were boys. The mean thymus size was 3.14 (95% CI 2.9; 3.4) cm2 lower than that of the 27 healthy community reference children (1.06 vs 4.2 cm2, p<0.001) when controlled for age. Thymus size positively correlated with current breastfeeding (0.14, 95% CI 0.01, 0.26), anthropometric measurements at admission (weight, length, mid-upper-arm circumference, weight-for-height Z scores and length-for-age Z scores) and suspected tuberculosis (0.12, 95% CI 0.01; 0.22). Thymus size negatively correlated with > 2 weeks duration of sickness (-0.10; 95% CI -0.19; -0.01).Conclusion: The thymus is indeed a barometer for nutrition since all anthropometric measurements and breastfeeding were associated with bigger thymus. The immune benefits of breastfeeding among children with SAM is underscored. Children with longer duration of illness had a smaller thymus gland indicating that infections have a role in the cause or consequence of thymus atrophy.

KW - Faculty of Science

KW - Thymus

KW - Ultrasound

KW - Size

KW - Severe acute malnutrition

KW - Breastfeeding

KW - Children

U2 - 10.1186/s12887-020-02457-3

DO - 10.1186/s12887-020-02457-3

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 33397296

VL - 21

JO - B M C Pediatrics

JF - B M C Pediatrics

SN - 1471-2431

M1 - 1

ER -

ID: 254721287