The Power Law of Visual Working Memory Characterizes Attention Engagement

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Standard

The Power Law of Visual Working Memory Characterizes Attention Engagement. / Smith, Philip L.; Corbett, Elaine A.; Lilburn, Simon D.; Kyllingsbæk, Søren.

I: Psychological Review, Bind 125, Nr. 3, 04.2018, s. 435-451.

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningfagfællebedømt

Harvard

Smith, PL, Corbett, EA, Lilburn, SD & Kyllingsbæk, S 2018, 'The Power Law of Visual Working Memory Characterizes Attention Engagement', Psychological Review, bind 125, nr. 3, s. 435-451. https://doi.org/10.1037/rev0000098

APA

Smith, P. L., Corbett, E. A., Lilburn, S. D., & Kyllingsbæk, S. (2018). The Power Law of Visual Working Memory Characterizes Attention Engagement. Psychological Review, 125(3), 435-451. https://doi.org/10.1037/rev0000098

Vancouver

Smith PL, Corbett EA, Lilburn SD, Kyllingsbæk S. The Power Law of Visual Working Memory Characterizes Attention Engagement. Psychological Review. 2018 apr;125(3):435-451. https://doi.org/10.1037/rev0000098

Author

Smith, Philip L. ; Corbett, Elaine A. ; Lilburn, Simon D. ; Kyllingsbæk, Søren. / The Power Law of Visual Working Memory Characterizes Attention Engagement. I: Psychological Review. 2018 ; Bind 125, Nr. 3. s. 435-451.

Bibtex

@article{c17e1cf81d084c9f8e93b88bd4e17ad6,
title = "The Power Law of Visual Working Memory Characterizes Attention Engagement",
abstract = "The quality or precision of stimulus representations in visual working memory can be characterized by a power law, which states that precision decreases as a power of the number of items in memory, with an exponent whose magnitude typically varies in the range 0.5 to 0.75. The authors show that the magnitude of the exponent is an index of the attentional demands of memory formation. They report 5 visual working memory experiments with tasks using noisy, backward-masked stimuli that varied in their attentional demands and show that the magnitude of the exponent increases systematically with the attentional demands of the task. Recall accuracy in the experiments was well described by an attention-weighted sample-size model that views visual working memory as a resource comprised of noisy evidence samples that are recruited during stimulus exposure and which can be allocated flexibly under attentional control. The magnitude of the exponent indexes the degree to which attention allocates resources to items in memory unequally rather than equally.",
keywords = "Capacity limitations, Precision, Signal detection, Visual short-term memory (STM), Working memory",
author = "Smith, {Philip L.} and Corbett, {Elaine A.} and Lilburn, {Simon D.} and S{\o}ren Kyllingsb{\ae}k",
year = "2018",
month = apr,
doi = "10.1037/rev0000098",
language = "English",
volume = "125",
pages = "435--451",
journal = "Psychological Review",
issn = "0033-295X",
publisher = "American Psychological Association",
number = "3",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - The Power Law of Visual Working Memory Characterizes Attention Engagement

AU - Smith, Philip L.

AU - Corbett, Elaine A.

AU - Lilburn, Simon D.

AU - Kyllingsbæk, Søren

PY - 2018/4

Y1 - 2018/4

N2 - The quality or precision of stimulus representations in visual working memory can be characterized by a power law, which states that precision decreases as a power of the number of items in memory, with an exponent whose magnitude typically varies in the range 0.5 to 0.75. The authors show that the magnitude of the exponent is an index of the attentional demands of memory formation. They report 5 visual working memory experiments with tasks using noisy, backward-masked stimuli that varied in their attentional demands and show that the magnitude of the exponent increases systematically with the attentional demands of the task. Recall accuracy in the experiments was well described by an attention-weighted sample-size model that views visual working memory as a resource comprised of noisy evidence samples that are recruited during stimulus exposure and which can be allocated flexibly under attentional control. The magnitude of the exponent indexes the degree to which attention allocates resources to items in memory unequally rather than equally.

AB - The quality or precision of stimulus representations in visual working memory can be characterized by a power law, which states that precision decreases as a power of the number of items in memory, with an exponent whose magnitude typically varies in the range 0.5 to 0.75. The authors show that the magnitude of the exponent is an index of the attentional demands of memory formation. They report 5 visual working memory experiments with tasks using noisy, backward-masked stimuli that varied in their attentional demands and show that the magnitude of the exponent increases systematically with the attentional demands of the task. Recall accuracy in the experiments was well described by an attention-weighted sample-size model that views visual working memory as a resource comprised of noisy evidence samples that are recruited during stimulus exposure and which can be allocated flexibly under attentional control. The magnitude of the exponent indexes the degree to which attention allocates resources to items in memory unequally rather than equally.

KW - Capacity limitations

KW - Precision

KW - Signal detection

KW - Visual short-term memory (STM)

KW - Working memory

U2 - 10.1037/rev0000098

DO - 10.1037/rev0000098

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 29733667

VL - 125

SP - 435

EP - 451

JO - Psychological Review

JF - Psychological Review

SN - 0033-295X

IS - 3

ER -

ID: 210441348