The KCa2 Channel Inhibitor AP30663 Selectively Increases Atrial Refractoriness, Converts Vernakalant-Resistant Atrial Fibrillation and Prevents Its Reinduction in Conscious Pigs

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To describe the effects of the K(Ca)2 channel inhibitor AP30663 in pigs regarding tolerability, cardiac electrophysiology, pharmacokinetics, atrial functional selectivity, effectiveness in cardioversion of tachy-pacing induced vernakalant-resistant atrial fibrillation (AF), and prevention of reinduction of AF.

Methods and Results

Six healthy pigs with implanted pacemakers and equipped with a Holter monitor were used to compare the effects of increasing doses (0, 5, 10, 15, 20, and 25 mg/kg) of AP30663 on the right atrial effective refractory period (AERP) and on various ECG parameters, including the QT interval. Ten pigs with implanted neurostimulators were long-term atrially tachypaced (A-TP) until sustained vernakalant-resistant AF was present. 20 mg/kg AP30663 was tested to discover if it could successfully convert vernakalant-resistant AF to sinus rhythm (SR) and protect against reinduction of AF. Seven anesthetized pigs were used for pharmacokinetic experiments. Two pigs received an infusion of 20 mg/kg AP30663 over 60 min while five pigs received 5 mg/kg AP30663 over 30 min. Blood samples were collected before, during, and after infusion on AP30663. AP30663 was well-tolerated and prominently increased the AERP in pigs with little effect on ventricular repolarization. Furthermore, it converted A-TP induced AF that had become unresponsive to vernakalant, and it prevented reinduction of AF in pigs. Both a >30 ms increase of the AERP and conversion of AF occurred in different pigs at a free plasma concentration level of around 1.0-1.4 mu M of AP30663, which was achieved at a dose level of 5 mg/kg.


AP30663 has shown properties in animals that would be of clinical interest in man.

TidsskriftFrontiers in Pharmacology
Antal sider9
StatusUdgivet - 2020

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