The influence of childhood aspirations on the risk of developing psychotic disorders, substance use disorders, and dual diagnosis in adulthood based on the Metropolit 1953 Danish Male Birth Cohort

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelfagfællebedømt

Standard

The influence of childhood aspirations on the risk of developing psychotic disorders, substance use disorders, and dual diagnosis in adulthood based on the Metropolit 1953 Danish Male Birth Cohort. / Tranberg, Katrine; Kyster, Natacha Blauenfeldt; Osler, Merete; Hjorthoj, Carsten; Martensson, Solvej.

I: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, Bind 32, 2023, s. 2503–2512.

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelfagfællebedømt

Harvard

Tranberg, K, Kyster, NB, Osler, M, Hjorthoj, C & Martensson, S 2023, 'The influence of childhood aspirations on the risk of developing psychotic disorders, substance use disorders, and dual diagnosis in adulthood based on the Metropolit 1953 Danish Male Birth Cohort', European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, bind 32, s. 2503–2512. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00787-022-02091-7

APA

Tranberg, K., Kyster, N. B., Osler, M., Hjorthoj, C., & Martensson, S. (2023). The influence of childhood aspirations on the risk of developing psychotic disorders, substance use disorders, and dual diagnosis in adulthood based on the Metropolit 1953 Danish Male Birth Cohort. European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 32, 2503–2512. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00787-022-02091-7

Vancouver

Tranberg K, Kyster NB, Osler M, Hjorthoj C, Martensson S. The influence of childhood aspirations on the risk of developing psychotic disorders, substance use disorders, and dual diagnosis in adulthood based on the Metropolit 1953 Danish Male Birth Cohort. European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry. 2023;32:2503–2512. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00787-022-02091-7

Author

Tranberg, Katrine ; Kyster, Natacha Blauenfeldt ; Osler, Merete ; Hjorthoj, Carsten ; Martensson, Solvej. / The influence of childhood aspirations on the risk of developing psychotic disorders, substance use disorders, and dual diagnosis in adulthood based on the Metropolit 1953 Danish Male Birth Cohort. I: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry. 2023 ; Bind 32. s. 2503–2512.

Bibtex

@article{c7aaf9247366443f94ea03796f0f4d81,
title = "The influence of childhood aspirations on the risk of developing psychotic disorders, substance use disorders, and dual diagnosis in adulthood based on the Metropolit 1953 Danish Male Birth Cohort",
abstract = "The study aims to investigate the association of aspiration for future occupation, socioeconomic position, and intellectual abilities with risk of dual diagnosis, psychosis, substance use disorder (SUD) in later life, and to explore if social and intellectual disadvantage modify any effect of childhood aspirations on outcomes. The study included 7177 Danish boys born in 1953. We investigated childhood aspirations (preference regarding future occupation), socioeconomic position (paternal social group), and intellectual abilities (Harnquist intelligence score) on outcomes with dual diagnosis, psychotic disorder, or SUD in Danish registers. Combinations of variables were used for a two-way and three-way analysis (high and low levels of exposure variables). Cox regression with age as the underlying time scale was used for analysis. The separate analysis showed no associations between childhood aspirations and outcomes. Boys with low intelligence scores had an increased risk of developing psychotic disorders (aHR 1.5, 95% CI 1.1-2.1) and SUD (aHR 1.8, 95% CI 1.5-2.1) compared to high intelligence scores. The interaction analyses showed that individuals with a combination of low intelligence score, high aspirations, and/or high paternal social group might have an increased risk of developing dual diagnosis, psychotic disorders, or SUD in later life. This result should be interpreted with caution as interaction variables were not overall significant with the outcome of dual diagnosis or psychotic disorder. The findings suggest that childhood abilities and social position could be associated with the development of psychotic disorders and SUD in later life, however, further studies are needed to address the temporality of the association to gain an understanding of the underlying mechanism of the association.",
keywords = "Dual diagnosis, Mental disorders, Substance-related disorders, Social environment, SOCIAL-MOBILITY, MENTAL-HEALTH, SCHIZOPHRENIA, ALCOHOL, DRUG, EXPECTATIONS, ATTAINMENT, NATIONWIDE, MORTALITY, DISEASE",
author = "Katrine Tranberg and Kyster, {Natacha Blauenfeldt} and Merete Osler and Carsten Hjorthoj and Solvej Martensson",
year = "2023",
doi = "10.1007/s00787-022-02091-7",
language = "English",
volume = "32",
pages = "2503–2512",
journal = "European Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Supplement",
issn = "1433-5719",
publisher = "Springer Medizin",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - The influence of childhood aspirations on the risk of developing psychotic disorders, substance use disorders, and dual diagnosis in adulthood based on the Metropolit 1953 Danish Male Birth Cohort

AU - Tranberg, Katrine

AU - Kyster, Natacha Blauenfeldt

AU - Osler, Merete

AU - Hjorthoj, Carsten

AU - Martensson, Solvej

PY - 2023

Y1 - 2023

N2 - The study aims to investigate the association of aspiration for future occupation, socioeconomic position, and intellectual abilities with risk of dual diagnosis, psychosis, substance use disorder (SUD) in later life, and to explore if social and intellectual disadvantage modify any effect of childhood aspirations on outcomes. The study included 7177 Danish boys born in 1953. We investigated childhood aspirations (preference regarding future occupation), socioeconomic position (paternal social group), and intellectual abilities (Harnquist intelligence score) on outcomes with dual diagnosis, psychotic disorder, or SUD in Danish registers. Combinations of variables were used for a two-way and three-way analysis (high and low levels of exposure variables). Cox regression with age as the underlying time scale was used for analysis. The separate analysis showed no associations between childhood aspirations and outcomes. Boys with low intelligence scores had an increased risk of developing psychotic disorders (aHR 1.5, 95% CI 1.1-2.1) and SUD (aHR 1.8, 95% CI 1.5-2.1) compared to high intelligence scores. The interaction analyses showed that individuals with a combination of low intelligence score, high aspirations, and/or high paternal social group might have an increased risk of developing dual diagnosis, psychotic disorders, or SUD in later life. This result should be interpreted with caution as interaction variables were not overall significant with the outcome of dual diagnosis or psychotic disorder. The findings suggest that childhood abilities and social position could be associated with the development of psychotic disorders and SUD in later life, however, further studies are needed to address the temporality of the association to gain an understanding of the underlying mechanism of the association.

AB - The study aims to investigate the association of aspiration for future occupation, socioeconomic position, and intellectual abilities with risk of dual diagnosis, psychosis, substance use disorder (SUD) in later life, and to explore if social and intellectual disadvantage modify any effect of childhood aspirations on outcomes. The study included 7177 Danish boys born in 1953. We investigated childhood aspirations (preference regarding future occupation), socioeconomic position (paternal social group), and intellectual abilities (Harnquist intelligence score) on outcomes with dual diagnosis, psychotic disorder, or SUD in Danish registers. Combinations of variables were used for a two-way and three-way analysis (high and low levels of exposure variables). Cox regression with age as the underlying time scale was used for analysis. The separate analysis showed no associations between childhood aspirations and outcomes. Boys with low intelligence scores had an increased risk of developing psychotic disorders (aHR 1.5, 95% CI 1.1-2.1) and SUD (aHR 1.8, 95% CI 1.5-2.1) compared to high intelligence scores. The interaction analyses showed that individuals with a combination of low intelligence score, high aspirations, and/or high paternal social group might have an increased risk of developing dual diagnosis, psychotic disorders, or SUD in later life. This result should be interpreted with caution as interaction variables were not overall significant with the outcome of dual diagnosis or psychotic disorder. The findings suggest that childhood abilities and social position could be associated with the development of psychotic disorders and SUD in later life, however, further studies are needed to address the temporality of the association to gain an understanding of the underlying mechanism of the association.

KW - Dual diagnosis

KW - Mental disorders

KW - Substance-related disorders

KW - Social environment

KW - SOCIAL-MOBILITY

KW - MENTAL-HEALTH

KW - SCHIZOPHRENIA

KW - ALCOHOL

KW - DRUG

KW - EXPECTATIONS

KW - ATTAINMENT

KW - NATIONWIDE

KW - MORTALITY

KW - DISEASE

U2 - 10.1007/s00787-022-02091-7

DO - 10.1007/s00787-022-02091-7

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 36242645

VL - 32

SP - 2503

EP - 2512

JO - European Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Supplement

JF - European Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Supplement

SN - 1433-5719

ER -

ID: 323779263