The evolutionary origin and genetic makeup of domestic horses

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftReviewForskningfagfællebedømt

  • Pablo Librado Sanz
  • Antoine Alphonse Fages
  • Gaunitz, Charleen
  • Michela Leonardi
  • Stefanie Wagner
  • Naveed Khan
  • Hanghøj, Kristian Ebbesen
  • Saleh A. Alquraishi
  • Ahmed H. Alfarhan
  • Khaled A. Al-Rasheid
  • Clio Der Sarkissian
  • Mikkel Schubert
  • Ludovic Antoine Alexandre Orlando

The horse was domesticated only 5.5 KYA, thousands of years after dogs, cattle, pigs, sheep, and goats. The horse nonetheless represents the domestic animal that most impacted human history; providing us with rapid transportation, which has considerably changed the speed and magnitude of the circulation of goods and people, as well as their cultures and diseases. By revolutionizing warfare and agriculture, horses also deeply influenced the politico-economic trajectory of human societies. Reciprocally, human activities have circled back on the recent evolution of the horse, by creating hundreds of domestic breeds through selective programs, while leading all wild populations to near extinction. Despite being tightly associated with humans, several aspects in the evolution of the domestic horse remain controversial. Here, we review recent advances in comparative genomics and paleogenomics that helped advance our understanding of the genetic foundation of domestic horses.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftGenetics
Vol/bind204
Udgave nummer2
Sider (fra-til)423-434
Antal sider12
ISSN0016-6731
DOI
StatusUdgivet - okt. 2016

ID: 172510685