The effects of contract farming on efficiency and productivity of small-scale sunflower farmers in Tanzania

Publikation: KonferencebidragPaperForskning

  • Henningsen, Arne
  • Daniel F. Mpeta
  • Anwar S. Adem
  • Joseph A. Kuzilwa
  • Tomasz Gerard Czekaj
Due to changes in the global agricultural system and support from various organizations,
contract farming has recently been significantly expanded in many developing countries. A
considerable body of literature analyses the impact of contract farming on the welfare of smallholders, whereas its impact on efficiency and productivity is mostly overlooked. This study
addresses this salient gap by combining the approaches of Bravo-Ureta, Greene, and Solís
(Empirical Economics, 2012) and Rao, Brümmer, and Qaim (AJAE, 2012). We first estimate
separate production frontiers for contract farmers and non-contract farmers that account
for potential selection biases, and second, we create a meta-frontier. Using cross-sectional
data from sunflower farmers in Tanzania, we find a significant selection bias. Contract farming
significantly increases the yield potential but lowers the average group technical efficiency.
As the first effect is slightly larger than the second, we find a small positive effect of contract
farming on productivity.
Antal sider24
StatusUdgivet - 2015
BegivenhedInternational Conference of Agricultural Economists (ICAE) - Milano, Italien
Varighed: 8 aug. 201514 aug. 2015


KonferenceInternational Conference of Agricultural Economists (ICAE)

ID: 146356731