Spatiotemporal analysis of the Porcine Reproductive and Respiratory Syndrome (PRRS) epidemic in Denmark using laboratory submission data

Publikation: AndetAndet bidragForskning

Porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome (PRRS) virus infects domestic swine populations causing production losses in many European countries. The virus has two different strains designated as European (EU) and American (US) strain. It has been assumed that 30% of Danish swine herds are sero-positive with one or both PRRS strains. The PRRS surveillance program is based on serology tests performed in a monthly or annual basis for the breeding and intensive production herds respectively. The objective of this study was to characterize the PRRS epidemic in Denmark from 2007 to 2010 using retrospective spatiotemporal analysis of serological tests. Records of PRRS serology submissions made from January 2007 to December 2010 stored in the DIANOVA Information Management System at the National Veterinary Institute (DTU Vet) were used in the analysis. Each submission consists in individual blood samples collected for surveillance purposes and its frequency depends on the herd type. The herds were classified as PRRS positive or negative based on the individual serology test results for both virus strains. The prevalence of both PRRS strains was calculated on a monthly basis for the breeding and intensive production herds. The herd numbers registered in the laboratory submissions were merged with the Danish Herd Identification System database, in order to obtain the geo-coordinates of the herds. Spatiotemporal analysis was performed, in order to characterize PRRS-EU and PRRSUS distributions for both control levels.The analyses indicated a seasonal pattern in the between-herd prevalences of PRRS-EU and PRRS-US for both herds type. The prevalence of both PRRS strains was higher in the intensive production herds (mean=37%) when compared with the breeding herds (mean=17%). The spatiotemporal analysis detected a number of clusters of PRRS-EU and PRRS-US in both herd types. This suggests that PRRS still disperse between herds and that additional control efforts should be considered.
StatusUdgivet - 2014
Eksternt udgivetJa

Bibliografisk note

Poster abstract, EPI01

ID: 203367328