Skeletal muscle and hormonal adaptation to physical training in the rat: role of the sympatho-adrenal system

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Standard

Skeletal muscle and hormonal adaptation to physical training in the rat : role of the sympatho-adrenal system. / Henriksson, J; Svedenhag, J; Richter, Erik A.; Christensen, N J; Galbo, H.

I: Acta Physiologica Scandinavica, Bind 123, Nr. 2, 1985, s. 127-138.

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningfagfællebedømt

Harvard

Henriksson, J, Svedenhag, J, Richter, EA, Christensen, NJ & Galbo, H 1985, 'Skeletal muscle and hormonal adaptation to physical training in the rat: role of the sympatho-adrenal system', Acta Physiologica Scandinavica, bind 123, nr. 2, s. 127-138. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1748-1716.1985.tb07569.x

APA

Henriksson, J., Svedenhag, J., Richter, E. A., Christensen, N. J., & Galbo, H. (1985). Skeletal muscle and hormonal adaptation to physical training in the rat: role of the sympatho-adrenal system. Acta Physiologica Scandinavica, 123(2), 127-138. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1748-1716.1985.tb07569.x

Vancouver

Henriksson J, Svedenhag J, Richter EA, Christensen NJ, Galbo H. Skeletal muscle and hormonal adaptation to physical training in the rat: role of the sympatho-adrenal system. Acta Physiologica Scandinavica. 1985;123(2):127-138. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1748-1716.1985.tb07569.x

Author

Henriksson, J ; Svedenhag, J ; Richter, Erik A. ; Christensen, N J ; Galbo, H. / Skeletal muscle and hormonal adaptation to physical training in the rat : role of the sympatho-adrenal system. I: Acta Physiologica Scandinavica. 1985 ; Bind 123, Nr. 2. s. 127-138.

Bibtex

@article{75baffec29d840d88e7b596722090757,
title = "Skeletal muscle and hormonal adaptation to physical training in the rat: role of the sympatho-adrenal system",
abstract = "The main purpose of the present study was to test the hypothesis that adrenergic stimulation of muscle fibres during exercise is a major stimulus for the training-induced enhancement of skeletal muscle respiratory capacity. Therefore, Sprague-Dawley rats either underwent bilateral surgical ablation of the adrenal medulla or were sham-operated. Furthermore, unilateral surgical extirpation of the lumbar sympathetic chain was performed. Half of the rats were then trained for 12 weeks by swimming (up to 5.5 h X day-1, 4 days X week-1) and the remaining rats were sedentary controls. In the gastrocnemius muscle, training significantly increased the mitochondrial enzymes citrate synthase, succinate dehydrogenase, cytochrome c oxidase, and 3-hydroxyacyl-CoA dehydrogenase. In sham-operated rats, the increases were 40{\%}, 43{\%}, 66{\%}, and 25{\%}, respectively, in legs with intact sympathetic innervation. The training-induced enzyme adaptation after adrenodemedullation and/or sympathectomy was not significantly lower than these control values. In sham-operated rats, training decreased resting plasma insulin and glucagon levels and increased liver glycogen content. Similar changes were induced by adrenodemedullation, but training did not augment these changes in adrenodemedullated rats. In conclusion, the data suggest that neither adrenomedullary hormones nor local sympathetic nerves are prerequisites for the training-induced increase in muscle mitochondrial enzymes. The training-induced decline in resting plasma insulin and glucagon levels in intact rats may be mediated by adrenomedullary hormones.",
keywords = "3-Hydroxyacyl CoA Dehydrogenases, Adaptation, Physiological, Adrenal Medulla, Animals, Body Weight, Citrate (si)-Synthase, Electron Transport Complex IV, Epinephrine, Heart, Male, Muscle Contraction, Muscles, Norepinephrine, Organ Size, Physical Exertion, Rats, Rats, Inbred Strains, Succinate Dehydrogenase, Sympathetic Nervous System",
author = "J Henriksson and J Svedenhag and Richter, {Erik A.} and Christensen, {N J} and H Galbo",
year = "1985",
doi = "10.1111/j.1748-1716.1985.tb07569.x",
language = "English",
volume = "123",
pages = "127--138",
journal = "Acta Physiologica Scandinavica",
issn = "0001-6772",
publisher = "Blackwell Science Ltd.",
number = "2",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Skeletal muscle and hormonal adaptation to physical training in the rat

T2 - role of the sympatho-adrenal system

AU - Henriksson, J

AU - Svedenhag, J

AU - Richter, Erik A.

AU - Christensen, N J

AU - Galbo, H

PY - 1985

Y1 - 1985

N2 - The main purpose of the present study was to test the hypothesis that adrenergic stimulation of muscle fibres during exercise is a major stimulus for the training-induced enhancement of skeletal muscle respiratory capacity. Therefore, Sprague-Dawley rats either underwent bilateral surgical ablation of the adrenal medulla or were sham-operated. Furthermore, unilateral surgical extirpation of the lumbar sympathetic chain was performed. Half of the rats were then trained for 12 weeks by swimming (up to 5.5 h X day-1, 4 days X week-1) and the remaining rats were sedentary controls. In the gastrocnemius muscle, training significantly increased the mitochondrial enzymes citrate synthase, succinate dehydrogenase, cytochrome c oxidase, and 3-hydroxyacyl-CoA dehydrogenase. In sham-operated rats, the increases were 40%, 43%, 66%, and 25%, respectively, in legs with intact sympathetic innervation. The training-induced enzyme adaptation after adrenodemedullation and/or sympathectomy was not significantly lower than these control values. In sham-operated rats, training decreased resting plasma insulin and glucagon levels and increased liver glycogen content. Similar changes were induced by adrenodemedullation, but training did not augment these changes in adrenodemedullated rats. In conclusion, the data suggest that neither adrenomedullary hormones nor local sympathetic nerves are prerequisites for the training-induced increase in muscle mitochondrial enzymes. The training-induced decline in resting plasma insulin and glucagon levels in intact rats may be mediated by adrenomedullary hormones.

AB - The main purpose of the present study was to test the hypothesis that adrenergic stimulation of muscle fibres during exercise is a major stimulus for the training-induced enhancement of skeletal muscle respiratory capacity. Therefore, Sprague-Dawley rats either underwent bilateral surgical ablation of the adrenal medulla or were sham-operated. Furthermore, unilateral surgical extirpation of the lumbar sympathetic chain was performed. Half of the rats were then trained for 12 weeks by swimming (up to 5.5 h X day-1, 4 days X week-1) and the remaining rats were sedentary controls. In the gastrocnemius muscle, training significantly increased the mitochondrial enzymes citrate synthase, succinate dehydrogenase, cytochrome c oxidase, and 3-hydroxyacyl-CoA dehydrogenase. In sham-operated rats, the increases were 40%, 43%, 66%, and 25%, respectively, in legs with intact sympathetic innervation. The training-induced enzyme adaptation after adrenodemedullation and/or sympathectomy was not significantly lower than these control values. In sham-operated rats, training decreased resting plasma insulin and glucagon levels and increased liver glycogen content. Similar changes were induced by adrenodemedullation, but training did not augment these changes in adrenodemedullated rats. In conclusion, the data suggest that neither adrenomedullary hormones nor local sympathetic nerves are prerequisites for the training-induced increase in muscle mitochondrial enzymes. The training-induced decline in resting plasma insulin and glucagon levels in intact rats may be mediated by adrenomedullary hormones.

KW - 3-Hydroxyacyl CoA Dehydrogenases

KW - Adaptation, Physiological

KW - Adrenal Medulla

KW - Animals

KW - Body Weight

KW - Citrate (si)-Synthase

KW - Electron Transport Complex IV

KW - Epinephrine

KW - Heart

KW - Male

KW - Muscle Contraction

KW - Muscles

KW - Norepinephrine

KW - Organ Size

KW - Physical Exertion

KW - Rats

KW - Rats, Inbred Strains

KW - Succinate Dehydrogenase

KW - Sympathetic Nervous System

U2 - 10.1111/j.1748-1716.1985.tb07569.x

DO - 10.1111/j.1748-1716.1985.tb07569.x

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 2984895

VL - 123

SP - 127

EP - 138

JO - Acta Physiologica Scandinavica

JF - Acta Physiologica Scandinavica

SN - 0001-6772

IS - 2

ER -

ID: 154758963