Responses to Medical Treatment in 192 Patients with Pancreatic Neuroendocrine Neoplasms Referred to the Copenhagen Neuroendocrine Tumour Centre in 2000–2020

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Background: Given the rarity and heterogeneity of pancreatic neuroendocrine neoplasms (pNEN), treatment algorithms and sequencing are primarily guided by expert opinions with limited evidence. Aim: To investigate overall survival (OS), median progression-free survival (mPFS), and prognostic factors associated with the most common medical treatments for pNEN. Methods: Retrospective single-center study encompassing patients diagnosed and monitored between 2000 and 2020 (n = 192). Results: Median OS was 36 (95% CI: 26–46) months (99 months for grade (G) 1, 62 for G2, 14 for G3, and 10 for neuroendocrine carcinomas). Patients treated with somatostatin analogues (SSA) (n = 59, median Ki-67 9%) had an mPFS of 28 months. Treatment line (HR (first line as reference) 4.1, 95% CI: 1.9–9.1, p ≤ 0.001) emerged as an independent risk factor for time to progression. Patients with a Ki-67 index ≥10% (n = 28) had an mPFS of 27 months. Patients treated with streptozocin/5-fluorouracil (STZ/5FU) (n = 70, first-line treatment n = 68, median Ki-67 10%) had an mPFS of 20 months, with WHO grade serving as an independent risk factor (HR (G1 (n = 8) vs. G2 (n = 57)) 2.8, 95% CI: 1.1–7.2, p-value = 0.031). Median PFS was 21 months for peptide receptor radionuclide therapy (PRRT) (n = 41, first line n = 2, second line n = 29, median Ki-67 8%), 5 months for carboplatin and etoposide (n = 66, first-line treatment n = 60, median Ki-67 80%), and 3 months for temozolomide-based therapy (n = 56, first-line treatment n = 17, median Ki-67 30%). Conclusion: (1) Overall survival was, as expected, highly dependent on grade; (2) median PFS for SSA was around 2.5 years without difference between tumors with Ki-67 above or below 10%; (3) STZ/5FU as first-line treatment exhibited a superior mPFS of 20 months compared to what has historically been reported for targeted treatments; (4) PRRT in G2 pNEN achieved an mPFS similar to first-line chemotherapy; and (5) limited treatment efficacy was observed in high-grade tumors when treated with carboplatin and etoposide or temozolomide.
Keywords: pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors; treatment efficacy; somatostatin analogue; peptide receptor radionuclide therapy; everolimus; chemotherapy
Udgave nummer6
Antal sider16
StatusUdgivet - 2024

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