Prevalence and dynamic changes in lung ultrasound findings among adults with uncomplicated malaria and controls in the Amazon basin, Brazil
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Malaria patients are at risk of cardiopulmonary complications but diagnosis and management can be difficult in resource-limited settings. B-lines on lung ultrasound (LUS) mark changes in lung density; however, little is known about their role in malaria. We aimed to examine the prevalence of B-lines in adults with malaria at baseline and follow-up compared with controls in the Amazon Basin. We also examined the relationship between B-lines and left ventricular ejection fraction. We performed eight-zone LUS, echocardiography, and blood smears in 94 adults (mean age 40 years, 54% men) with uncomplicated malaria and 449 controls without heart failure, renal insufficiency or lung disease (mean age 41 years, 38% men). Examinations of adults with malaria were repeated after antimalarial treatment, corresponding to a median of 30 days (interquartile range [IQR] 27-39). Adults with malaria suffered from Plasmodium vivax (N = 70, median 2,823 [IQR 598-7,698] parasites/μL) or P. falciparum (N = 24, median 1,148 [IQR 480-3,128] parasites/μL). At baseline, adults with malaria more frequently had ≥ 3 B-lines (summed across eight zones) compared with controls (30% versus 2%, P value < 0.001), indicating higher lung density. When examinations were repeated, only 6% of adults with malaria had ≥ 3 B-lines at follow-up, which was significant lower compared with baseline (median reduction 3 B-line; P value < 0.001). B-lines were not significantly associated with left ventricular ejection fraction in adults with malaria. In conclusion, B-lines detected by LUS were more frequent in adults with uncomplicated malaria compared with controls and decreased after completed antimalarial treatment.
|Tidsskrift||American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene|
|Status||Udgivet - 2022|