Pediatric Features of Genetic Predisposition to Polycystic Ovary Syndrome

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Context: Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) has historically been conceptualized as a disorder of the reproductive system in women. However, offspring of women with PCOS begin to show metabolic features of PCOS in childhood, suggestive of childhood manifestations. 

Objective: To identify childhood manifestations of genetic risk for PCOS. 

Methods: We calculated a PCOS polygenic risk score (PRS) for 12 350 girls and boys in 4 pediatric cohorts—ALSPAC (UK), COPSAC (Denmark), Project Viva (USA), and The HOLBÆK Study (Denmark). We tested for association of the PRS with PCOS-related phenotypes throughout childhood and with age at pubarche and age at peak height velocity and meta-analyzed effects across cohorts using fixedeffect models. 

Results: Higher PRS for PCOS was associated with higher body mass index in midchildhood (0.05 kg/m2 increase per 1 SD of PRS, 95% CI 0.03, 0.07, P = 3 × 10−5 ) and higher risk of obesity in early childhood (OR 1.34, 95% CI 1.13, 1.59, P = .0009); both persisted through late adolescence (P all ≤.03). Higher PCOS PRS was associated with earlier age at pubarche (0.85-month decrease per 1 SD of PRS, 95% CI −1.44, −0.26, P = .005) and younger age at peak height velocity (0.64-month decrease per 1 SD of PRS, 95% CI −0.94, −0.33, P = 4 × 10−5 ).

 Conclusion: Genetic risk factors for PCOS are associated with alterations in metabolic, growth, and developmental traits in childhood. Thus, PCOS may not simply be a condition that affects women of reproductive age but, rather, a possible manifestation of an underlying condition that affects both sexes starting in early life.

TidsskriftJournal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
Udgave nummer2
Sider (fra-til)380-388
StatusUdgivet - 2024

Bibliografisk note

© The Author(s) 2023. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Endocrine Society.

ID: 368207892