One hundred twenty years of koala retrovirus evolution determined from museum skins

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One hundred twenty years of koala retrovirus evolution determined from museum skins. / Avila Arcos, Maria del Carmen; Ho, Simon Y. W.; Ishida, Yasuko; Nikolaidis, Nikolas; Tsangaras, Kyriakos; Hönig, Karin; Medina, Rebeca; Rasmussen, Morten; Fordyce, Sarah Louise; Calvignac-Spencer, Sébastien; Willerslev, Eske; Gilbert, Tom; Helgen, Kristofer M.; Roca, Alfred L.; Greenwood, Alex D.

I: Molecular Biology and Evolution, Bind 30, Nr. 2, 02.2013, s. 299-304.

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftLetterForskningfagfællebedømt

Harvard

Avila Arcos, MDC, Ho, SYW, Ishida, Y, Nikolaidis, N, Tsangaras, K, Hönig, K, Medina, R, Rasmussen, M, Fordyce, SL, Calvignac-Spencer, S, Willerslev, E, Gilbert, T, Helgen, KM, Roca, AL & Greenwood, AD 2013, 'One hundred twenty years of koala retrovirus evolution determined from museum skins', Molecular Biology and Evolution, bind 30, nr. 2, s. 299-304. https://doi.org/10.1093/molbev/mss223

APA

Avila Arcos, M. D. C., Ho, S. Y. W., Ishida, Y., Nikolaidis, N., Tsangaras, K., Hönig, K., Medina, R., Rasmussen, M., Fordyce, S. L., Calvignac-Spencer, S., Willerslev, E., Gilbert, T., Helgen, K. M., Roca, A. L., & Greenwood, A. D. (2013). One hundred twenty years of koala retrovirus evolution determined from museum skins. Molecular Biology and Evolution, 30(2), 299-304. https://doi.org/10.1093/molbev/mss223

Vancouver

Avila Arcos MDC, Ho SYW, Ishida Y, Nikolaidis N, Tsangaras K, Hönig K o.a. One hundred twenty years of koala retrovirus evolution determined from museum skins. Molecular Biology and Evolution. 2013 feb;30(2):299-304. https://doi.org/10.1093/molbev/mss223

Author

Avila Arcos, Maria del Carmen ; Ho, Simon Y. W. ; Ishida, Yasuko ; Nikolaidis, Nikolas ; Tsangaras, Kyriakos ; Hönig, Karin ; Medina, Rebeca ; Rasmussen, Morten ; Fordyce, Sarah Louise ; Calvignac-Spencer, Sébastien ; Willerslev, Eske ; Gilbert, Tom ; Helgen, Kristofer M. ; Roca, Alfred L. ; Greenwood, Alex D. / One hundred twenty years of koala retrovirus evolution determined from museum skins. I: Molecular Biology and Evolution. 2013 ; Bind 30, Nr. 2. s. 299-304.

Bibtex

@article{73f37966b853495e96b1a79951bad928,
title = "One hundred twenty years of koala retrovirus evolution determined from museum skins",
abstract = "Although endogenous retroviruses are common across vertebrate genomes, the koala retrovirus (KoRV) is the only retrovirus known to be currently invading the germ line of its host. KoRV is believed to have first infected koalas in northern Australia less than two centuries ago. We examined KoRV in 28 koala museum skins collected in the late 19th and 20th centuries and deep sequenced the complete proviral envelope region from five northern Australian specimens. Strikingly, KoRV env sequences were conserved among koalas collected over the span of a century, and two functional motifs that affect viral infectivity were fixed across the museum koala specimens. We detected only 20 env polymorphisms among the koalas, likely representing derived mutations subject to purifying selection. Among northern Australian koalas, KoRV was already ubiquitous by the late 19th century, suggesting that KoRV evolved and spread among koala populations more slowly than previously believed. Given that museum and modern koalas share nearly identical KoRV sequences, it is likely that koala populations, for more than a century, have experienced increased susceptibility to diseases caused by viral pathogenesis.",
author = "{Avila Arcos}, {Maria del Carmen} and Ho, {Simon Y. W.} and Yasuko Ishida and Nikolas Nikolaidis and Kyriakos Tsangaras and Karin H{\"o}nig and Rebeca Medina and Morten Rasmussen and Fordyce, {Sarah Louise} and S{\'e}bastien Calvignac-Spencer and Eske Willerslev and Tom Gilbert and Helgen, {Kristofer M.} and Roca, {Alfred L.} and Greenwood, {Alex D.}",
year = "2013",
month = feb,
doi = "10.1093/molbev/mss223",
language = "English",
volume = "30",
pages = "299--304",
journal = "Molecular Biology and Evolution",
issn = "0737-4038",
publisher = "Oxford University Press",
number = "2",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - One hundred twenty years of koala retrovirus evolution determined from museum skins

AU - Avila Arcos, Maria del Carmen

AU - Ho, Simon Y. W.

AU - Ishida, Yasuko

AU - Nikolaidis, Nikolas

AU - Tsangaras, Kyriakos

AU - Hönig, Karin

AU - Medina, Rebeca

AU - Rasmussen, Morten

AU - Fordyce, Sarah Louise

AU - Calvignac-Spencer, Sébastien

AU - Willerslev, Eske

AU - Gilbert, Tom

AU - Helgen, Kristofer M.

AU - Roca, Alfred L.

AU - Greenwood, Alex D.

PY - 2013/2

Y1 - 2013/2

N2 - Although endogenous retroviruses are common across vertebrate genomes, the koala retrovirus (KoRV) is the only retrovirus known to be currently invading the germ line of its host. KoRV is believed to have first infected koalas in northern Australia less than two centuries ago. We examined KoRV in 28 koala museum skins collected in the late 19th and 20th centuries and deep sequenced the complete proviral envelope region from five northern Australian specimens. Strikingly, KoRV env sequences were conserved among koalas collected over the span of a century, and two functional motifs that affect viral infectivity were fixed across the museum koala specimens. We detected only 20 env polymorphisms among the koalas, likely representing derived mutations subject to purifying selection. Among northern Australian koalas, KoRV was already ubiquitous by the late 19th century, suggesting that KoRV evolved and spread among koala populations more slowly than previously believed. Given that museum and modern koalas share nearly identical KoRV sequences, it is likely that koala populations, for more than a century, have experienced increased susceptibility to diseases caused by viral pathogenesis.

AB - Although endogenous retroviruses are common across vertebrate genomes, the koala retrovirus (KoRV) is the only retrovirus known to be currently invading the germ line of its host. KoRV is believed to have first infected koalas in northern Australia less than two centuries ago. We examined KoRV in 28 koala museum skins collected in the late 19th and 20th centuries and deep sequenced the complete proviral envelope region from five northern Australian specimens. Strikingly, KoRV env sequences were conserved among koalas collected over the span of a century, and two functional motifs that affect viral infectivity were fixed across the museum koala specimens. We detected only 20 env polymorphisms among the koalas, likely representing derived mutations subject to purifying selection. Among northern Australian koalas, KoRV was already ubiquitous by the late 19th century, suggesting that KoRV evolved and spread among koala populations more slowly than previously believed. Given that museum and modern koalas share nearly identical KoRV sequences, it is likely that koala populations, for more than a century, have experienced increased susceptibility to diseases caused by viral pathogenesis.

U2 - 10.1093/molbev/mss223

DO - 10.1093/molbev/mss223

M3 - Letter

C2 - 22983950

VL - 30

SP - 299

EP - 304

JO - Molecular Biology and Evolution

JF - Molecular Biology and Evolution

SN - 0737-4038

IS - 2

ER -

ID: 46089701