Mapping of linear B-cell epitopes on the major core protein p24 of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1)

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Three murine monoclonal antibodies (MAbs) F5-2, F5-4, and F5-16 defining three different epitopes on the major core protein p24 of the human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) were epitope mapped using a random fragment expression library representing the p17- and p24-encoding part of the gag open reading frame. F5-2 defined an epitope within amino acids (aa) 14-23 at the N-terminus of p24, and F5-4 defined an epitope within aa 153-174 in the C-terminus of p24. F5-16 did not recognize any of the fusion proteins produced by the expression library indicating that this MAb defines a true conformational epitope on p24. Since the N-terminus of p24 has been reported to be immunosilent in humans, 356 HIV-1 antibody-positive serum samples were tested for reactivity against the region of p24 defined by F5-2. More than one third of the samples recognized this region indicating that it is immunoreactive and, further, the presence of antibodies against this region was associated with a reduced CD4 cell count.

TidsskriftAIDS Research and Human Retroviruses
Udgave nummer10
Sider (fra-til)1789-94
Antal sider6
StatusUdgivet - okt. 1992

ID: 201190685