Land and contract farming: Changes in the distribution and meanings of land in Kilombero, Tanzania

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In the context of contract farming of sugarcane in an outgrower scheme in Tanzania, this paper explores how the scheme has fundamentally altered people's relationships with the land over the last 50 years, in particular, since 1999, when, after three decades, the sugar parastatal was privatized. The paper reviews the literature on the mutual relationship between contract farming and land ownership and examines the scheme with a focus on long-term changes in the forms of land acquisitions and land use. We argue that the meaning and importance of landownership in contract farming schemes needs to be reassessed if participation in contract farming entails a departure from previous forms of acquiring land, generates new spatial patterns of agricultural production, and necessitates additional economic and social resources in order to transform land into an economic asset.

TidsskriftJournal of Agrarian Change
Udgave nummer1
Sider (fra-til)36-57
Antal sider22
StatusUdgivet - 2022

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© 2021 John Wiley & Sons Ltd

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