Inequalities in extending working lives beyond age 60 in Canada, Denmark, Sweden and England-By gender, level of education and health

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Inequalities in extending working lives beyond age 60 in Canada, Denmark, Sweden and England-By gender, level of education and health. / McAllister, Ashley; Bodin, Theo; Brønnum-Hansen, Henrik; Harber-Aschan, Lisa; Barr, Ben; Bentley, Lee; Liao, Qing; Koitzsch Jensen, Natasja; Andersen, Ingelise; Chen, Wen-Hao; Thielen, Karsten; Mustard, Cameron; Diderichsen, Finn; Whitehead, Margaret; Burström, Bo.

I: PLoS ONE, Bind 15, Nr. 8, e0234900, 2020.

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningfagfællebedømt

Harvard

McAllister, A, Bodin, T, Brønnum-Hansen, H, Harber-Aschan, L, Barr, B, Bentley, L, Liao, Q, Koitzsch Jensen, N, Andersen, I, Chen, W-H, Thielen, K, Mustard, C, Diderichsen, F, Whitehead, M & Burström, B 2020, 'Inequalities in extending working lives beyond age 60 in Canada, Denmark, Sweden and England-By gender, level of education and health', PLoS ONE, bind 15, nr. 8, e0234900. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0234900

APA

McAllister, A., Bodin, T., Brønnum-Hansen, H., Harber-Aschan, L., Barr, B., Bentley, L., ... Burström, B. (2020). Inequalities in extending working lives beyond age 60 in Canada, Denmark, Sweden and England-By gender, level of education and health. PLoS ONE, 15(8), [e0234900]. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0234900

Vancouver

McAllister A, Bodin T, Brønnum-Hansen H, Harber-Aschan L, Barr B, Bentley L o.a. Inequalities in extending working lives beyond age 60 in Canada, Denmark, Sweden and England-By gender, level of education and health. PLoS ONE. 2020;15(8). e0234900. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0234900

Author

McAllister, Ashley ; Bodin, Theo ; Brønnum-Hansen, Henrik ; Harber-Aschan, Lisa ; Barr, Ben ; Bentley, Lee ; Liao, Qing ; Koitzsch Jensen, Natasja ; Andersen, Ingelise ; Chen, Wen-Hao ; Thielen, Karsten ; Mustard, Cameron ; Diderichsen, Finn ; Whitehead, Margaret ; Burström, Bo. / Inequalities in extending working lives beyond age 60 in Canada, Denmark, Sweden and England-By gender, level of education and health. I: PLoS ONE. 2020 ; Bind 15, Nr. 8.

Bibtex

@article{99696922ad7a4b87808130dc6a936c6f,
title = "Inequalities in extending working lives beyond age 60 in Canada, Denmark, Sweden and England-By gender, level of education and health",
abstract = "BACKGROUND: Keeping older workers in employment is critical for societies facing the challenge of an ageing population. This study examined the association between types of health conditions and differentials in the probability of employment by level of education among men and women between 60-69 years of age in Canada, Denmark, Sweden and England.METHODS: Data were drawn from the Canadian Community Health Survey, Survey of Health, Ageing and Retirement in Europe and English Longitudinal Study of Ageing. We combined country data, applied logistic regression, adjusted for educational level, and stratified the analysis by sex to calculate the odds ratio (OR) of employment (>15 hours work per week) for persons with physical health conditions, mental health conditions (depression) and physical-mental health comorbidity.RESULTS: The odds of employment among men and women with physical-mental health comorbidity were lower compared to those with no/other conditions (men: OR 0.32, 95{\%} CI: 0.25-0.42, women: OR 0.38 95{\%} CI: 0.30-0.48). Women with low education had lower odds of employment compared to their counterparts with high education (OR 0.66, 95{\%} CI: 0.57-0.76). The odds of employment at older ages was lower in Canada, Denmark and England compared with Sweden (e.g. English men: OR 0.48 95{\%} CI 0.40-0.58; English women OR 0.33 95{\%} CI 0.27-0.41).CONCLUSIONS: The odds of employment beyond age 60 is lower for groups with low education, particularly women, and those with physical-mental health co-morbidities. As such, policies to extend working lives should not be 'one size fits all' but instead consider subgroups, in particular, these groups that we have shown to be most vulnerable on the labour market.",
author = "Ashley McAllister and Theo Bodin and Henrik Br{\o}nnum-Hansen and Lisa Harber-Aschan and Ben Barr and Lee Bentley and Qing Liao and {Koitzsch Jensen}, Natasja and Ingelise Andersen and Wen-Hao Chen and Karsten Thielen and Cameron Mustard and Finn Diderichsen and Margaret Whitehead and Bo Burstr{\"o}m",
year = "2020",
doi = "10.1371/journal.pone.0234900",
language = "English",
volume = "15",
journal = "P L o S One",
issn = "1932-6203",
publisher = "Public Library of Science",
number = "8",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Inequalities in extending working lives beyond age 60 in Canada, Denmark, Sweden and England-By gender, level of education and health

AU - McAllister, Ashley

AU - Bodin, Theo

AU - Brønnum-Hansen, Henrik

AU - Harber-Aschan, Lisa

AU - Barr, Ben

AU - Bentley, Lee

AU - Liao, Qing

AU - Koitzsch Jensen, Natasja

AU - Andersen, Ingelise

AU - Chen, Wen-Hao

AU - Thielen, Karsten

AU - Mustard, Cameron

AU - Diderichsen, Finn

AU - Whitehead, Margaret

AU - Burström, Bo

PY - 2020

Y1 - 2020

N2 - BACKGROUND: Keeping older workers in employment is critical for societies facing the challenge of an ageing population. This study examined the association between types of health conditions and differentials in the probability of employment by level of education among men and women between 60-69 years of age in Canada, Denmark, Sweden and England.METHODS: Data were drawn from the Canadian Community Health Survey, Survey of Health, Ageing and Retirement in Europe and English Longitudinal Study of Ageing. We combined country data, applied logistic regression, adjusted for educational level, and stratified the analysis by sex to calculate the odds ratio (OR) of employment (>15 hours work per week) for persons with physical health conditions, mental health conditions (depression) and physical-mental health comorbidity.RESULTS: The odds of employment among men and women with physical-mental health comorbidity were lower compared to those with no/other conditions (men: OR 0.32, 95% CI: 0.25-0.42, women: OR 0.38 95% CI: 0.30-0.48). Women with low education had lower odds of employment compared to their counterparts with high education (OR 0.66, 95% CI: 0.57-0.76). The odds of employment at older ages was lower in Canada, Denmark and England compared with Sweden (e.g. English men: OR 0.48 95% CI 0.40-0.58; English women OR 0.33 95% CI 0.27-0.41).CONCLUSIONS: The odds of employment beyond age 60 is lower for groups with low education, particularly women, and those with physical-mental health co-morbidities. As such, policies to extend working lives should not be 'one size fits all' but instead consider subgroups, in particular, these groups that we have shown to be most vulnerable on the labour market.

AB - BACKGROUND: Keeping older workers in employment is critical for societies facing the challenge of an ageing population. This study examined the association between types of health conditions and differentials in the probability of employment by level of education among men and women between 60-69 years of age in Canada, Denmark, Sweden and England.METHODS: Data were drawn from the Canadian Community Health Survey, Survey of Health, Ageing and Retirement in Europe and English Longitudinal Study of Ageing. We combined country data, applied logistic regression, adjusted for educational level, and stratified the analysis by sex to calculate the odds ratio (OR) of employment (>15 hours work per week) for persons with physical health conditions, mental health conditions (depression) and physical-mental health comorbidity.RESULTS: The odds of employment among men and women with physical-mental health comorbidity were lower compared to those with no/other conditions (men: OR 0.32, 95% CI: 0.25-0.42, women: OR 0.38 95% CI: 0.30-0.48). Women with low education had lower odds of employment compared to their counterparts with high education (OR 0.66, 95% CI: 0.57-0.76). The odds of employment at older ages was lower in Canada, Denmark and England compared with Sweden (e.g. English men: OR 0.48 95% CI 0.40-0.58; English women OR 0.33 95% CI 0.27-0.41).CONCLUSIONS: The odds of employment beyond age 60 is lower for groups with low education, particularly women, and those with physical-mental health co-morbidities. As such, policies to extend working lives should not be 'one size fits all' but instead consider subgroups, in particular, these groups that we have shown to be most vulnerable on the labour market.

U2 - 10.1371/journal.pone.0234900

DO - 10.1371/journal.pone.0234900

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 32804945

VL - 15

JO - P L o S One

JF - P L o S One

SN - 1932-6203

IS - 8

M1 - e0234900

ER -

ID: 247227092