Impairments of social cognition significantly predict the progression of functional decline in Huntington’s disease: A 6-year follow-up study

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningfagfællebedømt

This study sought to investigate if there was a significant difference between the Huntington’s Disease gene expansion carriers who were impaired on the cognitive domains, social cognition and executive functions. Also, it was investigated which of the cognitive domains could predict the decrease in total functional capacity over a 6-year follow-up period. Premanifest and motor-manifest Huntington’s Disease gene expansion carriers (N = 98), were examined with a neurological and neuropsychological examination at Time 1 (year 2012–2013). Regression-based normative data was used to classify impairments on the two cognitive domains. Follow-up participants (N = 80) had their functional capacity reexamined at Time 2 (year 2018–2020), to examine which cognitive domain could predict the decrease in functional capacity over the 6-year follow-up. More than 50% of the participants were impaired on the domain of social cognition. These participants were significantly different from the participants who were impaired on executive functions. The motor function and impairments on social cognition significantly predicted the decline in functional capacity. The Emotion Hexagon test was the only significant social cognitive task, that predicted the decline in functional capacity. Social cognition includes unique and separate functions in Huntington’s Disease, unaffected by executive functions. This study emphasizes the importance of regular assessment of social cognition in Huntington’s Disease and the clinical relevance of impaired social cognitive function.
TidsskriftApplied Neuropsychology: Adult
StatusE-pub ahead of print - 2024

ID: 308548997