Heterogeneous vasomotor responses in segments from Göttingen Minipigs coronary, cerebral, and mesenteric artery: A comparative study

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Göttingen Minipigs (GM) are used as an important preclinical model for cardiovascular safety pharmacology and for evaluation of cardiovascular drug targets. To improve the translational value of the GM model, the current study represents a basic characterization of vascular responses to endothelial regulators and sympathetic, parasympathetic, and sensory neurotransmitters in different anatomical origins. The aim of the current comparative and descriptive study is to use myography to characterize the vasomotor responses of coronary artery isolated from GM and compare the responses to those obtained from parallel studies using cerebral and mesenteric arteries. The selected agonists for sympathetic (norepinephrine), parasympathetic (carbachol), sensory (calcitonin gene-related peptide, CGRP), and endothelial pathways (endothelin-1, ET-1, and bradykinin) were used for comparison. Further, the robust nature of the vasomotor responses was evaluated after 24 h of cold storage of vascular tissue mimicking the situation under which human biopsies are often kept before experiments or grafting is feasible. Results show that bradykinin and CGRP consistently dilated, and endothelin consistently contracted artery segments from coronary, cerebral, and mesenteric origin. By comparison, norepinephrine and carbachol, had responses that varied with the anatomical source of the tissues. To support the basic characterization of GM vasomotor responses, we demonstrated the presence of mRNA encoding selected vascular receptors (CGRP- and ETA-receptors) in fresh artery segments. In conclusion, the vasomotor responses of isolated coronary, cerebral, and mesenteric arteries to selected agonists of endothelial, sympathetic, parasympathetic, and sensory pathways are different and the phenotypes are similar to sporadic human findings.

TidsskriftVascular Pharmacology
StatusUdgivet - 2023

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Copyright © 2023. Published by Elsevier Inc.

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