Health-related quality of life among transthyretin amyloid cardiomyopathy patients

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  • Nordic PROACT study group
Transthyretin amyloid cardiomyopathy (ATTR CM) is a progressive and severe heart disease with physical and psychological implications. The Nordic PROACT study was conducted to investigate the health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in ATTR CM patients.

Methods and results
The Nordic PROACT study was a cross-sectional non-interventional study conducted in 12 cardiology hospital clinics across Norway, Sweden, Finland and Denmark. Men and women aged ≥18 years diagnosed with symptomatic ATTR CM were included. The investigator provided information on medical history, biomarkers, current treatment, co-morbidities and disease severity according to the New York Heart Association (NYHA) class and the National Amyloidosis Centre (NAC) staging. Patients completed the HRQoL questionnaires in the form of the Kansas City Cardiomyopathy Questionnaire (KCCQ), the EQ-5D-5L index with Visual Analog Scale (VAS), and the Major Depression Inventory (MDI). A total of 169 patients (mean ± SD age 77.7 ± 6.2 years) were included. Ninety-two per cent were men. Seventy-six per cent had wildtype ATTR CM (ATTRwt CM) and 15% had a hereditary form of ATTR CM (ATTRv CM) while 9% were genetically unclassified. Most patients were in NYHA class II (54%) and NAC stage 1 (53%). Participation in randomized clinical trials (RCT) was noted in 58% of the patients. The 169 ATTR CM patients had a mean ± SD KCCQ score of 64.3 ± 23.1 for total symptom score, 64.8 ± 20.9 for overall summary score (OSS) and 65.1 ± 21.5 for clinical summary score. The EQ-5D-5L total utility score was 0.8 ± 0.2 and the EQ-5D-5L VAS score was 62.9 ± 20.6. The vast majority (89%) did not report any signs of depression. Patients with ATTRv CM had a higher KCCQ OSS as compared with ATTRwt CM, while EQ-5D-5L utility score, EQ-5D-5L VAS and MDI were similar. Non-RCT participants had a poorer HRQoL as compared with RCT participants as reflected in lower KCCQ OSS and EQ-5D-5L VAS scores and a higher MDI score. Patients with higher NYHA classes and NAC disease stages had a poorer HRQoL as demonstrated by lower KCCQ and EQ-5D-5L scores and higher MDI scores. Correlation between KCCQ, EQ-5D-5L and MDI and the covariate NYHA class remained significant (P < 0.05) after adjusting for multiple testing.

KCCQ scores were lower than previously reported for patients with other heart diseases of non-ATTR CM origin. The HRQoL measures correlated well to NYHA class and NAC disease stage. The prevalence of depression appeared to be low.
TidsskriftESC heart failure
Udgave nummer3
Sider (fra-til)1871-1882
Antal sider12
StatusUdgivet - 2023

Bibliografisk note

Funding Information:
The Nordic PROACT study was sponsored by Pfizer.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2023 The Authors. ESC Heart Failure published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd on behalf of European Society of Cardiology.

ID: 366380735