Glucagon Receptor Signaling and Glucagon Resistance

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftReviewForskningfagfællebedømt

Standard

Glucagon Receptor Signaling and Glucagon Resistance. / Janah, Lina; Kjeldsen, Sasha; Galsgaard, Katrine D.; Winther-Sorensen, Marie; Stojanovska, Elena; Pedersen, Jens; Knop, Filip K.; Holst, Jens J.; Albrechtsen, Nicolai J. Wewer.

I: International Journal of Molecular Sciences, Bind 20, Nr. 13, 3314, 2019.

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftReviewForskningfagfællebedømt

Harvard

Janah, L, Kjeldsen, S, Galsgaard, KD, Winther-Sorensen, M, Stojanovska, E, Pedersen, J, Knop, FK, Holst, JJ & Albrechtsen, NJW 2019, 'Glucagon Receptor Signaling and Glucagon Resistance', International Journal of Molecular Sciences, bind 20, nr. 13, 3314. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms20133314

APA

Janah, L., Kjeldsen, S., Galsgaard, K. D., Winther-Sorensen, M., Stojanovska, E., Pedersen, J., ... Albrechtsen, N. J. W. (2019). Glucagon Receptor Signaling and Glucagon Resistance. International Journal of Molecular Sciences, 20(13), [3314]. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms20133314

Vancouver

Janah L, Kjeldsen S, Galsgaard KD, Winther-Sorensen M, Stojanovska E, Pedersen J o.a. Glucagon Receptor Signaling and Glucagon Resistance. International Journal of Molecular Sciences. 2019;20(13). 3314. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms20133314

Author

Janah, Lina ; Kjeldsen, Sasha ; Galsgaard, Katrine D. ; Winther-Sorensen, Marie ; Stojanovska, Elena ; Pedersen, Jens ; Knop, Filip K. ; Holst, Jens J. ; Albrechtsen, Nicolai J. Wewer. / Glucagon Receptor Signaling and Glucagon Resistance. I: International Journal of Molecular Sciences. 2019 ; Bind 20, Nr. 13.

Bibtex

@article{e16545abd33c4cc0a7e83957149b103b,
title = "Glucagon Receptor Signaling and Glucagon Resistance",
abstract = "Hundred years after the discovery of glucagon, its biology remains enigmatic. Accurate measurement of glucagon has been essential for uncovering its pathological hypersecretion that underlies various metabolic diseases including not only diabetes and liver diseases but also cancers (glucagonomas). The suggested key role of glucagon in the development of diabetes has been termed the bihormonal hypothesis. However, studying tissue-specific knockout of the glucagon receptor has revealed that the physiological role of glucagon may extend beyond blood-glucose regulation. Decades ago, animal and human studies reported an important role of glucagon in amino acid metabolism through ureagenesis. Using modern technologies such as metabolomic profiling, knowledge about the effects of glucagon on amino acid metabolism has been expanded and the mechanisms involved further delineated. Glucagon receptor antagonists have indirectly put focus on glucagon's potential role in lipid metabolism, as individuals treated with these antagonists showed dyslipidemia and increased hepatic fat. One emerging field in glucagon biology now seems to include the concept of hepatic glucagon resistance. Here, we discuss the roles of glucagon in glucose homeostasis, amino acid metabolism, and lipid metabolism and present speculations on the molecular pathways causing and associating with postulated hepatic glucagon resistance.",
keywords = "alpha cell, amino acids, diabetes, glucose, hyperaminoacidemia, hyperglucagonemia, liver-alpha cell axis",
author = "Lina Janah and Sasha Kjeldsen and Galsgaard, {Katrine D.} and Marie Winther-Sorensen and Elena Stojanovska and Jens Pedersen and Knop, {Filip K.} and Holst, {Jens J.} and Albrechtsen, {Nicolai J. Wewer}",
year = "2019",
doi = "10.3390/ijms20133314",
language = "English",
volume = "20",
journal = "International Journal of Molecular Sciences (Online)",
issn = "1661-6596",
publisher = "MDPI AG",
number = "13",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Glucagon Receptor Signaling and Glucagon Resistance

AU - Janah, Lina

AU - Kjeldsen, Sasha

AU - Galsgaard, Katrine D.

AU - Winther-Sorensen, Marie

AU - Stojanovska, Elena

AU - Pedersen, Jens

AU - Knop, Filip K.

AU - Holst, Jens J.

AU - Albrechtsen, Nicolai J. Wewer

PY - 2019

Y1 - 2019

N2 - Hundred years after the discovery of glucagon, its biology remains enigmatic. Accurate measurement of glucagon has been essential for uncovering its pathological hypersecretion that underlies various metabolic diseases including not only diabetes and liver diseases but also cancers (glucagonomas). The suggested key role of glucagon in the development of diabetes has been termed the bihormonal hypothesis. However, studying tissue-specific knockout of the glucagon receptor has revealed that the physiological role of glucagon may extend beyond blood-glucose regulation. Decades ago, animal and human studies reported an important role of glucagon in amino acid metabolism through ureagenesis. Using modern technologies such as metabolomic profiling, knowledge about the effects of glucagon on amino acid metabolism has been expanded and the mechanisms involved further delineated. Glucagon receptor antagonists have indirectly put focus on glucagon's potential role in lipid metabolism, as individuals treated with these antagonists showed dyslipidemia and increased hepatic fat. One emerging field in glucagon biology now seems to include the concept of hepatic glucagon resistance. Here, we discuss the roles of glucagon in glucose homeostasis, amino acid metabolism, and lipid metabolism and present speculations on the molecular pathways causing and associating with postulated hepatic glucagon resistance.

AB - Hundred years after the discovery of glucagon, its biology remains enigmatic. Accurate measurement of glucagon has been essential for uncovering its pathological hypersecretion that underlies various metabolic diseases including not only diabetes and liver diseases but also cancers (glucagonomas). The suggested key role of glucagon in the development of diabetes has been termed the bihormonal hypothesis. However, studying tissue-specific knockout of the glucagon receptor has revealed that the physiological role of glucagon may extend beyond blood-glucose regulation. Decades ago, animal and human studies reported an important role of glucagon in amino acid metabolism through ureagenesis. Using modern technologies such as metabolomic profiling, knowledge about the effects of glucagon on amino acid metabolism has been expanded and the mechanisms involved further delineated. Glucagon receptor antagonists have indirectly put focus on glucagon's potential role in lipid metabolism, as individuals treated with these antagonists showed dyslipidemia and increased hepatic fat. One emerging field in glucagon biology now seems to include the concept of hepatic glucagon resistance. Here, we discuss the roles of glucagon in glucose homeostasis, amino acid metabolism, and lipid metabolism and present speculations on the molecular pathways causing and associating with postulated hepatic glucagon resistance.

KW - alpha cell

KW - amino acids

KW - diabetes

KW - glucose

KW - hyperaminoacidemia

KW - hyperglucagonemia

KW - liver-alpha cell axis

U2 - 10.3390/ijms20133314

DO - 10.3390/ijms20133314

M3 - Review

VL - 20

JO - International Journal of Molecular Sciences (Online)

JF - International Journal of Molecular Sciences (Online)

SN - 1661-6596

IS - 13

M1 - 3314

ER -

ID: 225558721