Endotracheal lactate reflects lower respiratory tract infections and inflammation in intubated patients

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelfagfællebedømt

Standard

Endotracheal lactate reflects lower respiratory tract infections and inflammation in intubated patients. / Kolpen, Mette; Dalby Sørensen, Christian; Faurholt-Jepsen, Daniel; Hertz, Frederik Boëtius; Jensen, Peter Østrup; Bestle, Morten Heiberg.

I: APMIS, Bind 130, Nr. 8, 2022, s. 507-514.

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelfagfællebedømt

Harvard

Kolpen, M, Dalby Sørensen, C, Faurholt-Jepsen, D, Hertz, FB, Jensen, PØ & Bestle, MH 2022, 'Endotracheal lactate reflects lower respiratory tract infections and inflammation in intubated patients', APMIS, bind 130, nr. 8, s. 507-514. https://doi.org/10.1111/apm.13224

APA

Kolpen, M., Dalby Sørensen, C., Faurholt-Jepsen, D., Hertz, F. B., Jensen, P. Ø., & Bestle, M. H. (2022). Endotracheal lactate reflects lower respiratory tract infections and inflammation in intubated patients. APMIS, 130(8), 507-514. https://doi.org/10.1111/apm.13224

Vancouver

Kolpen M, Dalby Sørensen C, Faurholt-Jepsen D, Hertz FB, Jensen PØ, Bestle MH. Endotracheal lactate reflects lower respiratory tract infections and inflammation in intubated patients. APMIS. 2022;130(8):507-514. https://doi.org/10.1111/apm.13224

Author

Kolpen, Mette ; Dalby Sørensen, Christian ; Faurholt-Jepsen, Daniel ; Hertz, Frederik Boëtius ; Jensen, Peter Østrup ; Bestle, Morten Heiberg. / Endotracheal lactate reflects lower respiratory tract infections and inflammation in intubated patients. I: APMIS. 2022 ; Bind 130, Nr. 8. s. 507-514.

Bibtex

@article{46946e1818a0419e8042fd5ae36040e1,
title = "Endotracheal lactate reflects lower respiratory tract infections and inflammation in intubated patients",
abstract = "The aim of this study was to assess L-lactate and D-lactate in endotracheal aspirate from intubated patients hospitalized at the intensive care unit and explore their use as diagnostic biomarkers for inflammation and lower respiratory tract infections (LRTI). Tracheal aspirates from 91 intubated patients were obtained at time of intubation and sent for microbiological analyses, neutrophil count, and colorimetric lactate measurements. We compared the concentration of lactate from patients with microbiological verified LRTI or clinical/radiological suspicion of LRTI with a control group. In addition, associations between inflammation and the lactate isomers were examined by correlating L-lactate and D-lactate with sputum neutrophils and clinical assessments. The concentration of L-lactate was increased in aspirates with verified or suspected LRTI (p < 0.001) relative to the control group at Day 0. Connections between L-lactate and inflammation were indicated by the correlation between neutrophils and L-lactate (p < 0.001). We found no increase in sputum D-lactate from patients with verified or suspected LRTI relative to the control group and D-lactate was not correlated with neutrophils. L-lactate was found to be a potential indicator for inflammation and LRTI at the time of intubation. An association was found between neutrophil count and L-lactate. Interestingly, the increase of L-lactate in the control group after intubation may suggest that intubation challenges the host response by inflicting tissue damage or by introducing infectious microbes.",
keywords = "Diagnostic biomarker, inflammation, intensive care unit, lactate isomers, neutrophilocytes",
author = "Mette Kolpen and {Dalby S{\o}rensen}, Christian and Daniel Faurholt-Jepsen and Hertz, {Frederik Bo{\"e}tius} and Jensen, {Peter {\O}strup} and Bestle, {Morten Heiberg}",
note = "Publisher Copyright: {\textcopyright} 2022 Scandinavian Societies for Medical Microbiology and Pathology.",
year = "2022",
doi = "10.1111/apm.13224",
language = "English",
volume = "130",
pages = "507--514",
journal = "A P M I S. Acta Pathologica, Microbiologica et Immunologica Scandinavica",
issn = "0903-4641",
publisher = "Wiley Online",
number = "8",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Endotracheal lactate reflects lower respiratory tract infections and inflammation in intubated patients

AU - Kolpen, Mette

AU - Dalby Sørensen, Christian

AU - Faurholt-Jepsen, Daniel

AU - Hertz, Frederik Boëtius

AU - Jensen, Peter Østrup

AU - Bestle, Morten Heiberg

N1 - Publisher Copyright: © 2022 Scandinavian Societies for Medical Microbiology and Pathology.

PY - 2022

Y1 - 2022

N2 - The aim of this study was to assess L-lactate and D-lactate in endotracheal aspirate from intubated patients hospitalized at the intensive care unit and explore their use as diagnostic biomarkers for inflammation and lower respiratory tract infections (LRTI). Tracheal aspirates from 91 intubated patients were obtained at time of intubation and sent for microbiological analyses, neutrophil count, and colorimetric lactate measurements. We compared the concentration of lactate from patients with microbiological verified LRTI or clinical/radiological suspicion of LRTI with a control group. In addition, associations between inflammation and the lactate isomers were examined by correlating L-lactate and D-lactate with sputum neutrophils and clinical assessments. The concentration of L-lactate was increased in aspirates with verified or suspected LRTI (p < 0.001) relative to the control group at Day 0. Connections between L-lactate and inflammation were indicated by the correlation between neutrophils and L-lactate (p < 0.001). We found no increase in sputum D-lactate from patients with verified or suspected LRTI relative to the control group and D-lactate was not correlated with neutrophils. L-lactate was found to be a potential indicator for inflammation and LRTI at the time of intubation. An association was found between neutrophil count and L-lactate. Interestingly, the increase of L-lactate in the control group after intubation may suggest that intubation challenges the host response by inflicting tissue damage or by introducing infectious microbes.

AB - The aim of this study was to assess L-lactate and D-lactate in endotracheal aspirate from intubated patients hospitalized at the intensive care unit and explore their use as diagnostic biomarkers for inflammation and lower respiratory tract infections (LRTI). Tracheal aspirates from 91 intubated patients were obtained at time of intubation and sent for microbiological analyses, neutrophil count, and colorimetric lactate measurements. We compared the concentration of lactate from patients with microbiological verified LRTI or clinical/radiological suspicion of LRTI with a control group. In addition, associations between inflammation and the lactate isomers were examined by correlating L-lactate and D-lactate with sputum neutrophils and clinical assessments. The concentration of L-lactate was increased in aspirates with verified or suspected LRTI (p < 0.001) relative to the control group at Day 0. Connections between L-lactate and inflammation were indicated by the correlation between neutrophils and L-lactate (p < 0.001). We found no increase in sputum D-lactate from patients with verified or suspected LRTI relative to the control group and D-lactate was not correlated with neutrophils. L-lactate was found to be a potential indicator for inflammation and LRTI at the time of intubation. An association was found between neutrophil count and L-lactate. Interestingly, the increase of L-lactate in the control group after intubation may suggest that intubation challenges the host response by inflicting tissue damage or by introducing infectious microbes.

KW - Diagnostic biomarker

KW - inflammation

KW - intensive care unit

KW - lactate isomers

KW - neutrophilocytes

U2 - 10.1111/apm.13224

DO - 10.1111/apm.13224

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 35349738

AN - SCOPUS:85130695553

VL - 130

SP - 507

EP - 514

JO - A P M I S. Acta Pathologica, Microbiologica et Immunologica Scandinavica

JF - A P M I S. Acta Pathologica, Microbiologica et Immunologica Scandinavica

SN - 0903-4641

IS - 8

ER -

ID: 309115448