Effect of Ultrasonography-Guided Corticosteroid Injection vs Placebo Added to Exercise Therapy for Achilles Tendinopathy: A Randomized Clinical Trial

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelfagfællebedømt

Standard

Effect of Ultrasonography-Guided Corticosteroid Injection vs Placebo Added to Exercise Therapy for Achilles Tendinopathy : A Randomized Clinical Trial. / Johannsen, Finn; Olesen, Jens Lykkegaard; Øhlenschläger, Tommy Frisgaard; Lundgaard-Nielsen, Mathilde; Cullum, Camilla Kjaer; Jakobsen, Anna Svarre; Rathleff, Michael Skovdal; Magnusson, Peter Stig; Kjær, Michael.

I: JAMA network open, Bind 5, Nr. 7, E2219661, 2022.

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelfagfællebedømt

Harvard

Johannsen, F, Olesen, JL, Øhlenschläger, TF, Lundgaard-Nielsen, M, Cullum, CK, Jakobsen, AS, Rathleff, MS, Magnusson, PS & Kjær, M 2022, 'Effect of Ultrasonography-Guided Corticosteroid Injection vs Placebo Added to Exercise Therapy for Achilles Tendinopathy: A Randomized Clinical Trial', JAMA network open, bind 5, nr. 7, E2219661. https://doi.org/10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2022.19661

APA

Johannsen, F., Olesen, J. L., Øhlenschläger, T. F., Lundgaard-Nielsen, M., Cullum, C. K., Jakobsen, A. S., Rathleff, M. S., Magnusson, P. S., & Kjær, M. (2022). Effect of Ultrasonography-Guided Corticosteroid Injection vs Placebo Added to Exercise Therapy for Achilles Tendinopathy: A Randomized Clinical Trial. JAMA network open, 5(7), [E2219661]. https://doi.org/10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2022.19661

Vancouver

Johannsen F, Olesen JL, Øhlenschläger TF, Lundgaard-Nielsen M, Cullum CK, Jakobsen AS o.a. Effect of Ultrasonography-Guided Corticosteroid Injection vs Placebo Added to Exercise Therapy for Achilles Tendinopathy: A Randomized Clinical Trial. JAMA network open. 2022;5(7). E2219661. https://doi.org/10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2022.19661

Author

Johannsen, Finn ; Olesen, Jens Lykkegaard ; Øhlenschläger, Tommy Frisgaard ; Lundgaard-Nielsen, Mathilde ; Cullum, Camilla Kjaer ; Jakobsen, Anna Svarre ; Rathleff, Michael Skovdal ; Magnusson, Peter Stig ; Kjær, Michael. / Effect of Ultrasonography-Guided Corticosteroid Injection vs Placebo Added to Exercise Therapy for Achilles Tendinopathy : A Randomized Clinical Trial. I: JAMA network open. 2022 ; Bind 5, Nr. 7.

Bibtex

@article{bb36510e88f240bf8883838784a09aad,
title = "Effect of Ultrasonography-Guided Corticosteroid Injection vs Placebo Added to Exercise Therapy for Achilles Tendinopathy: A Randomized Clinical Trial",
abstract = "Importance: Corticosteroid injections and exercise therapy are commonly used to treat chronic midportion Achilles tendinopathy, but the evidence for this combination is limited. Objective: To investigate the effect of corticosteroid injection and exercise therapy compared with placebo injection and exercise therapy for patients with Achilles tendinopathy. Design, Setting, and Participants: This was a participant-blinded, physician-blinded, and assessor-blinded randomized clinical trial of patients with Achilles tendinopathy verified by ultrasonography. Assessment of pain and function were conducted at baseline and at 1, 2, 3, 6, 12, and 24 months. Patients were recruited from a university medical clinic and a private rheumatology clinic in Denmark between April 2016 and September 2018. Data analysis was performed from June to September 2021. Interventions: Corticosteroid injection and placebo injection were performed with ultrasonography guidance. Exercise therapy was based on previous trials and consisted of 3 exercises done every second day. Main Outcomes and Measures: The primary outcome was the Victorian Institute of Sports Assessment-Achilles (VISA-A) score (range, 1-100, with 100 representing no symptoms) at 6 months. Secondary outcomes included pain measured using a 100-mm Visual Analog Scale for morning pain and pain during exercise (with higher scores indicating worse pain), global assessment (Likert scale), and tendon thickness. Results: A total of 100 patients were included, with 52 randomized to placebo (mean age, 46 years [95% CI, 44-48 years]; 32 men [62%]) and 48 randomized to corticosteroid injection (mean age, 47 years [95% CI, 45-49 years]; 28 men [58%]). Patients in the 2 groups had similar height (mean [SD], 177 [8] cm), weight (mean [SD], 79 [12] kg), and VISA-A score (mean [SD], 46 [18]) at baseline. The group receiving exercise therapy combined with corticosteroid injections had a 17.7-point (95% CI, 8.4-27.0 points; P <.001) larger improvement in VISA-A score compared with patients receiving exercise therapy combined with placebo injections at 6 months. No severe adverse events were observed in either group, and there was no deterioration in the long term (2-year follow-up). Conclusions and Relevance: Corticosteroid injections combined with exercise therapy were associated with better outcomes in the treatment of Achilles tendinopathy compared with placebo injections and exercise therapy. A combination of exercise therapy and corticosteroid injection should be considered in the management of long-standing Achilles tendinopathy. Trial Registration: ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02580630.",
author = "Finn Johannsen and Olesen, {Jens Lykkegaard} and {\O}hlenschl{\"a}ger, {Tommy Frisgaard} and Mathilde Lundgaard-Nielsen and Cullum, {Camilla Kjaer} and Jakobsen, {Anna Svarre} and Rathleff, {Michael Skovdal} and Magnusson, {Peter Stig} and Michael Kj{\ae}r",
note = "Publisher Copyright: {\textcopyright} 2022 American Medical Association. All rights reserved.",
year = "2022",
doi = "10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2022.19661",
language = "English",
volume = "5",
journal = "JAMA network open",
issn = "2574-3805",
publisher = "American Medical Association",
number = "7",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Effect of Ultrasonography-Guided Corticosteroid Injection vs Placebo Added to Exercise Therapy for Achilles Tendinopathy

T2 - A Randomized Clinical Trial

AU - Johannsen, Finn

AU - Olesen, Jens Lykkegaard

AU - Øhlenschläger, Tommy Frisgaard

AU - Lundgaard-Nielsen, Mathilde

AU - Cullum, Camilla Kjaer

AU - Jakobsen, Anna Svarre

AU - Rathleff, Michael Skovdal

AU - Magnusson, Peter Stig

AU - Kjær, Michael

N1 - Publisher Copyright: © 2022 American Medical Association. All rights reserved.

PY - 2022

Y1 - 2022

N2 - Importance: Corticosteroid injections and exercise therapy are commonly used to treat chronic midportion Achilles tendinopathy, but the evidence for this combination is limited. Objective: To investigate the effect of corticosteroid injection and exercise therapy compared with placebo injection and exercise therapy for patients with Achilles tendinopathy. Design, Setting, and Participants: This was a participant-blinded, physician-blinded, and assessor-blinded randomized clinical trial of patients with Achilles tendinopathy verified by ultrasonography. Assessment of pain and function were conducted at baseline and at 1, 2, 3, 6, 12, and 24 months. Patients were recruited from a university medical clinic and a private rheumatology clinic in Denmark between April 2016 and September 2018. Data analysis was performed from June to September 2021. Interventions: Corticosteroid injection and placebo injection were performed with ultrasonography guidance. Exercise therapy was based on previous trials and consisted of 3 exercises done every second day. Main Outcomes and Measures: The primary outcome was the Victorian Institute of Sports Assessment-Achilles (VISA-A) score (range, 1-100, with 100 representing no symptoms) at 6 months. Secondary outcomes included pain measured using a 100-mm Visual Analog Scale for morning pain and pain during exercise (with higher scores indicating worse pain), global assessment (Likert scale), and tendon thickness. Results: A total of 100 patients were included, with 52 randomized to placebo (mean age, 46 years [95% CI, 44-48 years]; 32 men [62%]) and 48 randomized to corticosteroid injection (mean age, 47 years [95% CI, 45-49 years]; 28 men [58%]). Patients in the 2 groups had similar height (mean [SD], 177 [8] cm), weight (mean [SD], 79 [12] kg), and VISA-A score (mean [SD], 46 [18]) at baseline. The group receiving exercise therapy combined with corticosteroid injections had a 17.7-point (95% CI, 8.4-27.0 points; P <.001) larger improvement in VISA-A score compared with patients receiving exercise therapy combined with placebo injections at 6 months. No severe adverse events were observed in either group, and there was no deterioration in the long term (2-year follow-up). Conclusions and Relevance: Corticosteroid injections combined with exercise therapy were associated with better outcomes in the treatment of Achilles tendinopathy compared with placebo injections and exercise therapy. A combination of exercise therapy and corticosteroid injection should be considered in the management of long-standing Achilles tendinopathy. Trial Registration: ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02580630.

AB - Importance: Corticosteroid injections and exercise therapy are commonly used to treat chronic midportion Achilles tendinopathy, but the evidence for this combination is limited. Objective: To investigate the effect of corticosteroid injection and exercise therapy compared with placebo injection and exercise therapy for patients with Achilles tendinopathy. Design, Setting, and Participants: This was a participant-blinded, physician-blinded, and assessor-blinded randomized clinical trial of patients with Achilles tendinopathy verified by ultrasonography. Assessment of pain and function were conducted at baseline and at 1, 2, 3, 6, 12, and 24 months. Patients were recruited from a university medical clinic and a private rheumatology clinic in Denmark between April 2016 and September 2018. Data analysis was performed from June to September 2021. Interventions: Corticosteroid injection and placebo injection were performed with ultrasonography guidance. Exercise therapy was based on previous trials and consisted of 3 exercises done every second day. Main Outcomes and Measures: The primary outcome was the Victorian Institute of Sports Assessment-Achilles (VISA-A) score (range, 1-100, with 100 representing no symptoms) at 6 months. Secondary outcomes included pain measured using a 100-mm Visual Analog Scale for morning pain and pain during exercise (with higher scores indicating worse pain), global assessment (Likert scale), and tendon thickness. Results: A total of 100 patients were included, with 52 randomized to placebo (mean age, 46 years [95% CI, 44-48 years]; 32 men [62%]) and 48 randomized to corticosteroid injection (mean age, 47 years [95% CI, 45-49 years]; 28 men [58%]). Patients in the 2 groups had similar height (mean [SD], 177 [8] cm), weight (mean [SD], 79 [12] kg), and VISA-A score (mean [SD], 46 [18]) at baseline. The group receiving exercise therapy combined with corticosteroid injections had a 17.7-point (95% CI, 8.4-27.0 points; P <.001) larger improvement in VISA-A score compared with patients receiving exercise therapy combined with placebo injections at 6 months. No severe adverse events were observed in either group, and there was no deterioration in the long term (2-year follow-up). Conclusions and Relevance: Corticosteroid injections combined with exercise therapy were associated with better outcomes in the treatment of Achilles tendinopathy compared with placebo injections and exercise therapy. A combination of exercise therapy and corticosteroid injection should be considered in the management of long-standing Achilles tendinopathy. Trial Registration: ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02580630.

U2 - 10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2022.19661

DO - 10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2022.19661

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 35816306

AN - SCOPUS:85133764700

VL - 5

JO - JAMA network open

JF - JAMA network open

SN - 2574-3805

IS - 7

M1 - E2219661

ER -

ID: 327332042