Effect of in vivo injection of cholera and pertussis toxin on glucose transport in rat skeletal muscle
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Cholera toxin (CTX) and pertussis toxin (PTX) were examined for their ability to inhibit glucose transport in perfused skeletal muscle. Twenty-five hours after an intravenous injection of CTX, basal transport was decreased approximately 30%, and insulin- and contraction-stimulated transport was reduced at least 86 and 49%, respectively, in both the soleus and red and white gastrocnemius muscles. In contrast, PTX treatment was much less efficient. Impairment of glucose transport appeared to develop 10-15 h after CTX administration, which coincided with development of hyperglycemia despite hyperinsulinimia, increased plasma free fatty acid levels, increased adenosine 3',5'-cyclic monophosphate (cAMP) concentrations in muscle, but no difference in plasma catecholamines. Twenty-five hours after CTX treatment, GLUT-4 protein in both soleus and red gastrocnemius muscles was decreased, whereas no change in GLUT-1 protein content was found. In contrast, GLUT-4 mRNA was unchanged, but transcripts for GLUT-1 were increased > or = 150% in all three muscles from CTX-treated rats. The findings suggest that CTX via increased cAMP impairs basal as well as insulin- and contraction-stimulated muscle glucose transport, at least in part from a decrease in intramuscular GLUT-4 protein.
|American Journal of Physiology (Consolidated)
|1 Pt 1
|Udgivet - jan. 1997