Can life coaching improve health outcomes? A systematic review of intervention studies

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelfagfællebedømt

Standard

Can life coaching improve health outcomes? A systematic review of intervention studies. / Ammentorp, Jette; Uhrenfeldt, Lisbeth; Angel, Flemming; Ehrensvärd, Martin Gustaf; B. Karlsen, Ebbe; Kofoed, Poul-Erik.

I: B M C Health Services Research, Bind 2013, Nr. 428, 13:428, 22.10.2013.

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelfagfællebedømt

Harvard

Ammentorp, J, Uhrenfeldt, L, Angel, F, Ehrensvärd, MG, B. Karlsen, E & Kofoed, P-E 2013, 'Can life coaching improve health outcomes? A systematic review of intervention studies', B M C Health Services Research, bind 2013, nr. 428, 13:428. https://doi.org/10.1186/1472-6963-13-428

APA

Ammentorp, J., Uhrenfeldt, L., Angel, F., Ehrensvärd, M. G., B. Karlsen, E., & Kofoed, P-E. (2013). Can life coaching improve health outcomes? A systematic review of intervention studies. B M C Health Services Research, 2013(428), [13:428]. https://doi.org/10.1186/1472-6963-13-428

Vancouver

Ammentorp J, Uhrenfeldt L, Angel F, Ehrensvärd MG, B. Karlsen E, Kofoed P-E. Can life coaching improve health outcomes? A systematic review of intervention studies. B M C Health Services Research. 2013 okt. 22;2013(428). 13:428. https://doi.org/10.1186/1472-6963-13-428

Author

Ammentorp, Jette ; Uhrenfeldt, Lisbeth ; Angel, Flemming ; Ehrensvärd, Martin Gustaf ; B. Karlsen, Ebbe ; Kofoed, Poul-Erik. / Can life coaching improve health outcomes? A systematic review of intervention studies. I: B M C Health Services Research. 2013 ; Bind 2013, Nr. 428.

Bibtex

@article{146574da2e434778af243130b3e376fd,
title = "Can life coaching improve health outcomes?: A systematic review of intervention studies",
abstract = "BACKGROUNDIn recent years, coaching has received special attention as a method to improve healthy lifestyle behaviours. The fact that coaching has found its way into healthcare and may provide new ways of engaging the patients and making them accountable for their health, justifies the need for an overview of the evidence regarding coaching interventions used in patient care, the effect of the interventions, and the quality of the studies published. However, in order to provide a clear definition of the coaching interventions selected for this review, we have found it necessary to distinguish between health coaching and life coaching. In this review, we will only focus on the latter method and on that basis assess the health related outcomes of life coaching.METHODSIntervention studies using quantitative or qualitative methods to evaluate the outcome of the life coach interventions were identified through systematic literature searches in PubMed, Embase, Psycinfo, and CINAHL. The quality of the methodology was independently assessed by three of the authors using a criteria list.RESULTSA total of 4359 citations were identified in the electronic search and five studies were included; two of them were randomized controlled trials and met all quality criteria. The two studies investigating objective health outcomes (HbA1c) showed mixed but promising results, especially concerning the patient group that usually does not benefit from intensified interventions.CONCLUSIONBecause of the very limited number of solid studies, this review can only present tendencies for patient outcomes and a preliminary description of an effective life coaching intervention.The coaching method used in these studies aims to improve self-efficacy and self-empowerment. This may explain why the studies including disadvantaged patients showed the most convincing results. The findings also indicate that some patients benefit from being met with an alternative approach and a different type of communication than they are used to from health care personnel.In order to get a closer look at what is in the {\textquoteleft}black box{\textquoteright}, we suggest that the description and categorisation of the coaching methods are described more comprehensively, and that research into this area is supplemented by a more qualitative approach.",
author = "Jette Ammentorp and Lisbeth Uhrenfeldt and Flemming Angel and Ehrensv{\"a}rd, {Martin Gustaf} and {B. Karlsen}, Ebbe and Poul-Erik Kofoed",
year = "2013",
month = oct,
day = "22",
doi = "10.1186/1472-6963-13-428",
language = "English",
volume = "2013",
journal = "BMC Health Services Research",
issn = "1472-6963",
publisher = "BioMed Central Ltd.",
number = "428",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Can life coaching improve health outcomes?

T2 - A systematic review of intervention studies

AU - Ammentorp, Jette

AU - Uhrenfeldt, Lisbeth

AU - Angel, Flemming

AU - Ehrensvärd, Martin Gustaf

AU - B. Karlsen, Ebbe

AU - Kofoed, Poul-Erik

PY - 2013/10/22

Y1 - 2013/10/22

N2 - BACKGROUNDIn recent years, coaching has received special attention as a method to improve healthy lifestyle behaviours. The fact that coaching has found its way into healthcare and may provide new ways of engaging the patients and making them accountable for their health, justifies the need for an overview of the evidence regarding coaching interventions used in patient care, the effect of the interventions, and the quality of the studies published. However, in order to provide a clear definition of the coaching interventions selected for this review, we have found it necessary to distinguish between health coaching and life coaching. In this review, we will only focus on the latter method and on that basis assess the health related outcomes of life coaching.METHODSIntervention studies using quantitative or qualitative methods to evaluate the outcome of the life coach interventions were identified through systematic literature searches in PubMed, Embase, Psycinfo, and CINAHL. The quality of the methodology was independently assessed by three of the authors using a criteria list.RESULTSA total of 4359 citations were identified in the electronic search and five studies were included; two of them were randomized controlled trials and met all quality criteria. The two studies investigating objective health outcomes (HbA1c) showed mixed but promising results, especially concerning the patient group that usually does not benefit from intensified interventions.CONCLUSIONBecause of the very limited number of solid studies, this review can only present tendencies for patient outcomes and a preliminary description of an effective life coaching intervention.The coaching method used in these studies aims to improve self-efficacy and self-empowerment. This may explain why the studies including disadvantaged patients showed the most convincing results. The findings also indicate that some patients benefit from being met with an alternative approach and a different type of communication than they are used to from health care personnel.In order to get a closer look at what is in the ‘black box’, we suggest that the description and categorisation of the coaching methods are described more comprehensively, and that research into this area is supplemented by a more qualitative approach.

AB - BACKGROUNDIn recent years, coaching has received special attention as a method to improve healthy lifestyle behaviours. The fact that coaching has found its way into healthcare and may provide new ways of engaging the patients and making them accountable for their health, justifies the need for an overview of the evidence regarding coaching interventions used in patient care, the effect of the interventions, and the quality of the studies published. However, in order to provide a clear definition of the coaching interventions selected for this review, we have found it necessary to distinguish between health coaching and life coaching. In this review, we will only focus on the latter method and on that basis assess the health related outcomes of life coaching.METHODSIntervention studies using quantitative or qualitative methods to evaluate the outcome of the life coach interventions were identified through systematic literature searches in PubMed, Embase, Psycinfo, and CINAHL. The quality of the methodology was independently assessed by three of the authors using a criteria list.RESULTSA total of 4359 citations were identified in the electronic search and five studies were included; two of them were randomized controlled trials and met all quality criteria. The two studies investigating objective health outcomes (HbA1c) showed mixed but promising results, especially concerning the patient group that usually does not benefit from intensified interventions.CONCLUSIONBecause of the very limited number of solid studies, this review can only present tendencies for patient outcomes and a preliminary description of an effective life coaching intervention.The coaching method used in these studies aims to improve self-efficacy and self-empowerment. This may explain why the studies including disadvantaged patients showed the most convincing results. The findings also indicate that some patients benefit from being met with an alternative approach and a different type of communication than they are used to from health care personnel.In order to get a closer look at what is in the ‘black box’, we suggest that the description and categorisation of the coaching methods are described more comprehensively, and that research into this area is supplemented by a more qualitative approach.

U2 - 10.1186/1472-6963-13-428

DO - 10.1186/1472-6963-13-428

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 24148189

VL - 2013

JO - BMC Health Services Research

JF - BMC Health Services Research

SN - 1472-6963

IS - 428

M1 - 13:428

ER -

ID: 93585717