Bakterielle infektioner som komplikation til hundebid

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningfagfællebedømt

Dog bites may result in serious bacterial infections with e.g. the gram-negative rods Capnocytophaga canimorsus and Pasteurella multocida. Human disease caused by these microorganisms can be complicated by acute development of septicaemia and/or meningitis followed by disseminated intravascular coagulation syndrome, peripheral gangrene and renal failure. The mortality of C. canimorsus septicaemia is about 23-31%. These severe infections are most often reported in immunocompromised patients and occur a few days after the bite. By reviewing the literature it is concluded that the broadest prophylactic coverage is obtained by amoxicillin/clavulanic acid and that antibiotic prophylaxis should be given to all immunocompromised patients experiencing a dog bite. Moreover, prophylactic treatment should be initiated for all patients with greater penetrating wounds and those involving the hands.
Bidragets oversatte titelBacterial infections as complications of dog bites
TidsskriftUgeskrift for Laeger
Udgave nummer34
Sider (fra-til)4860-3
Antal sider4
StatusUdgivet - 1998


  • Animals, Antibiotic Prophylaxis, Bacteria, Aerobic, Bacteria, Anaerobic, Bacterial Infections, Bites and Stings, Dogs, Humans, Prognosis, Risk Factors, Wound Infection

ID: 40333576