Bakterielle infektioner som komplikation til hundebid
Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskrift › Tidsskriftartikel › Forskning › fagfællebedømt
Dog bites may result in serious bacterial infections with e.g. the gram-negative rods Capnocytophaga canimorsus and Pasteurella multocida. Human disease caused by these microorganisms can be complicated by acute development of septicaemia and/or meningitis followed by disseminated intravascular coagulation syndrome, peripheral gangrene and renal failure. The mortality of C. canimorsus septicaemia is about 23-31%. These severe infections are most often reported in immunocompromised patients and occur a few days after the bite. By reviewing the literature it is concluded that the broadest prophylactic coverage is obtained by amoxicillin/clavulanic acid and that antibiotic prophylaxis should be given to all immunocompromised patients experiencing a dog bite. Moreover, prophylactic treatment should be initiated for all patients with greater penetrating wounds and those involving the hands.
|Bidragets oversatte titel||Bacterial infections as complications of dog bites|
|Tidsskrift||Ugeskrift for Laeger|
|Status||Udgivet - 1998|
- Animals, Antibiotic Prophylaxis, Bacteria, Aerobic, Bacteria, Anaerobic, Bacterial Infections, Bites and Stings, Dogs, Humans, Prognosis, Risk Factors, Wound Infection