Attenuation of chemokine receptor function and surface expression as an immunomodulatory strategy employed by human cytomegalovirus is linked to vGPCR US28

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningfagfællebedømt

Standard

Attenuation of chemokine receptor function and surface expression as an immunomodulatory strategy employed by human cytomegalovirus is linked to vGPCR US28. / Frank, Theresa; Reichel, Anna; Larsen, Olav; Stilp, Anne-Charlotte; Rosenkilde, Mette M.; Stamminger, Thomas; Ozawa, Takeaki; Tschammer, Nuska.

I: Cell Communication and Signaling, Bind 14, 31, 12.12.2016.

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningfagfællebedømt

Harvard

Frank, T, Reichel, A, Larsen, O, Stilp, A-C, Rosenkilde, MM, Stamminger, T, Ozawa, T & Tschammer, N 2016, 'Attenuation of chemokine receptor function and surface expression as an immunomodulatory strategy employed by human cytomegalovirus is linked to vGPCR US28', Cell Communication and Signaling, bind 14, 31. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12964-016-0154-x

APA

Frank, T., Reichel, A., Larsen, O., Stilp, A-C., Rosenkilde, M. M., Stamminger, T., ... Tschammer, N. (2016). Attenuation of chemokine receptor function and surface expression as an immunomodulatory strategy employed by human cytomegalovirus is linked to vGPCR US28. Cell Communication and Signaling, 14, [31]. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12964-016-0154-x

Vancouver

Frank T, Reichel A, Larsen O, Stilp A-C, Rosenkilde MM, Stamminger T o.a. Attenuation of chemokine receptor function and surface expression as an immunomodulatory strategy employed by human cytomegalovirus is linked to vGPCR US28. Cell Communication and Signaling. 2016 dec 12;14. 31. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12964-016-0154-x

Author

Frank, Theresa ; Reichel, Anna ; Larsen, Olav ; Stilp, Anne-Charlotte ; Rosenkilde, Mette M. ; Stamminger, Thomas ; Ozawa, Takeaki ; Tschammer, Nuska. / Attenuation of chemokine receptor function and surface expression as an immunomodulatory strategy employed by human cytomegalovirus is linked to vGPCR US28. I: Cell Communication and Signaling. 2016 ; Bind 14.

Bibtex

@article{aecc52f4d3eb4796b11bdf55002acc84,
title = "Attenuation of chemokine receptor function and surface expression as an immunomodulatory strategy employed by human cytomegalovirus is linked to vGPCR US28",
abstract = "BackgroundSome herpesviruses like human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) encode viral G protein-coupled receptors that cause reprogramming of cell signaling to facilitate dissemination of the virus, prevent immune surveillance and establish life-long latency. Human GPCRs are known to function in complex signaling networks involving direct physical interactions as well as indirect crosstalk of orthogonal signaling networks. The human chemokine receptor CXCR4 is expressed on hematopoietic stem cells, leukocytes, endothelial and epithelial cells, which are infected by HCMV or display reservoirs of latency.ResultsWe investigated the potential heteromerization of US28 with CXCR4 as well as the influence of US28 on CXCR4 signaling. Using Bioluminescence Resonance Energy Transfer and luciferase-complementation based methods we show that US28 expression exhibits negative effects on CXCR4 signaling and constitutive surface expression in HEK293T cells. Furthermore, we demonstrate that this effect is not mediated by receptor heteromerization but via signaling crosstalk. Additionally, we show that in HCMV, strain TB40E, infected HUVEC the surface expression of CXCR4 is strongly downregulated, whereas in TB40E-delUS28 infected cells, CXCR4 surface expression is not altered in particular at late time points of infection.ConclusionsWe show that the vGPCR US28 is leading to severely disturbed signaling and surface expression of the chemokine receptor CXCR4 thereby representing an effective mechanism used by vGPCRs to reprogram host cell signaling. In contrast to other studies, we demonstrate that these effects are not mediated via heteromerization.",
keywords = "Viral G protein-coupled receptor US28, Chemokine receptor CXCR4, Constitutive activity, Bioluminescence resonance energy transfer, Bioluminescence complementation, Signaling crosstalk",
author = "Theresa Frank and Anna Reichel and Olav Larsen and Anne-Charlotte Stilp and Rosenkilde, {Mette M.} and Thomas Stamminger and Takeaki Ozawa and Nuska Tschammer",
year = "2016",
month = "12",
day = "12",
doi = "10.1186/s12964-016-0154-x",
language = "English",
volume = "14",
journal = "Cell Communication and Signaling",
issn = "1478-811X",
publisher = "BioMed Central Ltd.",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Attenuation of chemokine receptor function and surface expression as an immunomodulatory strategy employed by human cytomegalovirus is linked to vGPCR US28

AU - Frank, Theresa

AU - Reichel, Anna

AU - Larsen, Olav

AU - Stilp, Anne-Charlotte

AU - Rosenkilde, Mette M.

AU - Stamminger, Thomas

AU - Ozawa, Takeaki

AU - Tschammer, Nuska

PY - 2016/12/12

Y1 - 2016/12/12

N2 - BackgroundSome herpesviruses like human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) encode viral G protein-coupled receptors that cause reprogramming of cell signaling to facilitate dissemination of the virus, prevent immune surveillance and establish life-long latency. Human GPCRs are known to function in complex signaling networks involving direct physical interactions as well as indirect crosstalk of orthogonal signaling networks. The human chemokine receptor CXCR4 is expressed on hematopoietic stem cells, leukocytes, endothelial and epithelial cells, which are infected by HCMV or display reservoirs of latency.ResultsWe investigated the potential heteromerization of US28 with CXCR4 as well as the influence of US28 on CXCR4 signaling. Using Bioluminescence Resonance Energy Transfer and luciferase-complementation based methods we show that US28 expression exhibits negative effects on CXCR4 signaling and constitutive surface expression in HEK293T cells. Furthermore, we demonstrate that this effect is not mediated by receptor heteromerization but via signaling crosstalk. Additionally, we show that in HCMV, strain TB40E, infected HUVEC the surface expression of CXCR4 is strongly downregulated, whereas in TB40E-delUS28 infected cells, CXCR4 surface expression is not altered in particular at late time points of infection.ConclusionsWe show that the vGPCR US28 is leading to severely disturbed signaling and surface expression of the chemokine receptor CXCR4 thereby representing an effective mechanism used by vGPCRs to reprogram host cell signaling. In contrast to other studies, we demonstrate that these effects are not mediated via heteromerization.

AB - BackgroundSome herpesviruses like human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) encode viral G protein-coupled receptors that cause reprogramming of cell signaling to facilitate dissemination of the virus, prevent immune surveillance and establish life-long latency. Human GPCRs are known to function in complex signaling networks involving direct physical interactions as well as indirect crosstalk of orthogonal signaling networks. The human chemokine receptor CXCR4 is expressed on hematopoietic stem cells, leukocytes, endothelial and epithelial cells, which are infected by HCMV or display reservoirs of latency.ResultsWe investigated the potential heteromerization of US28 with CXCR4 as well as the influence of US28 on CXCR4 signaling. Using Bioluminescence Resonance Energy Transfer and luciferase-complementation based methods we show that US28 expression exhibits negative effects on CXCR4 signaling and constitutive surface expression in HEK293T cells. Furthermore, we demonstrate that this effect is not mediated by receptor heteromerization but via signaling crosstalk. Additionally, we show that in HCMV, strain TB40E, infected HUVEC the surface expression of CXCR4 is strongly downregulated, whereas in TB40E-delUS28 infected cells, CXCR4 surface expression is not altered in particular at late time points of infection.ConclusionsWe show that the vGPCR US28 is leading to severely disturbed signaling and surface expression of the chemokine receptor CXCR4 thereby representing an effective mechanism used by vGPCRs to reprogram host cell signaling. In contrast to other studies, we demonstrate that these effects are not mediated via heteromerization.

KW - Viral G protein-coupled receptor US28

KW - Chemokine receptor CXCR4

KW - Constitutive activity

KW - Bioluminescence resonance energy transfer

KW - Bioluminescence complementation

KW - Signaling crosstalk

U2 - 10.1186/s12964-016-0154-x

DO - 10.1186/s12964-016-0154-x

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 27955674

VL - 14

JO - Cell Communication and Signaling

JF - Cell Communication and Signaling

SN - 1478-811X

M1 - 31

ER -

ID: 171655971