A Dixmier type averaging property of automorphisms on a C-Algebra

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In this study of the relative Dixmier property for inclusions of von Neumann algebras and of C?-Algebras, Popa considered a certain property of automorphisms on C?-Algebras, that we here call the strong averaging property. In this paper, we characterize when an automorphism on a C?-Algebra has the strong averaging property. In particular, automorphisms on commutative C?-Algebras possess this property precisely when they are free. An automorphism on a unital separable simple C?-Algebra with at least one tracial state has the strong averaging property precisely when its extension to the finite part of the bi-dual of the C?-Algebra is properly outer, and in the simple, non-Tracial case the strong averaging property is equivalent to being outer. To illustrate the usefulness of the strong averaging property we give three examples where we can provide simpler proofs of existing results on crossed product C?-Algebras, and we are also able to extend these results in different directions.

TidsskriftInternational Journal of Mathematics
Udgave nummer4
StatusUdgivet - 2023

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