Microbial Ecology and Biotechnology
Thorvaldsensvej 40, 2. sal, 1871 Frb. C, Bygning 70, Bygning: 70-2-B226
Professor of Plant Pathology
David B. Collinge was born in Liverpool in 1958 and brought up in nearby Southport in the north-west of England. He was educated in genetics at the Universities of Liverpool (BSc (hons) 1979) and Newcastle Upon Tyne (PhD, 1982). The subject of his PhD thesis was "The Genetic Control of Cyanogenic Glucoside Biosynthesis" in White Clover (Trifolium repens) and his supervisor Professor M.A. Hughes. He came to the University of Århus in Denmark for 1983 as an EU-funded postdoctoral fellow to work and gain training in molecular biology in the laboratory of Professor Kjeld A. Marcker. A second postdoctoral position at the University of Newcastle Upon Tyne (1983-1985) concerned cloning the gene encoding linamarase from clover. David B. Collinge was a Higher Scientific Officer at the (then) John Innes Institute in Norwich (1985-87), where he studied the defence response mechanisms in Turnip (Brassica campestris) against the bacterial pathogen Xanthomonas campestris. He moved to the then Dept. of Plant Physiology at the then KVL in 1987 as a visiting postdoctoral fellow in Professor Birger Lindberg Møller's laboratory to help introduce plant molecular biology techniques to the department. David B. Collinge was appointed Associate Professor in Molecular Plant Pathology in 1988 and Professor of Plant Pathology in 2002.
David's main research interest through his career has concerened the mechanisms of defences against pathogens in plants and his research group has worked with several biological systems, mainly involving fungal pathogens since 1988, for example, Pea (Pisum sativum) with Ascochyta pisi where both plant defence mechanisms and fungal pathogenicity mechanisms were studied; Rape (Brassica napus) with Leptosphaera maculans; Wheat (Triticum aestivum) with Septoria tritici; Maize (Zea majs) with Maize Rayado Fino Virus and Norway Spruce (Picea abies) with Ceratobasidium bicorne. The bulk of the research effort has concerned Barley (Hordeum vulgare) with the Powdery Mildew Fungus, Blumeria graminis, and this effort has been rewarded with much new knowledge on the nature and role of different defence mechanisms plants. The current efforts concern understanding the roles of NAC transcription factors and receptor-like protein kinases.The latest projects (2007), in collaboration with Hans Jørgensen concern the interactions of Fusarium graminearum with barley (PhD student Jens Due Jensen) and induced resistance in rice against Rhizoctonia solani for Vietnam (PhD student Nguyen Dac Khoa). With Michael Lyngkjær two FTP projects "Climate Change Effects on Plant Health" and "Unravelling plant regulatory networks: NAC transcription factors in senescence and disease resistance". The latter led by Prof Preben Bach Holm. A recent Danida-funded project (2010-13) with Dr Hans Jørgensen and Dr Patrick Okori of Makarere University in Uganda concerned the study of new methods for controlling Black Sigatoka disease of bananas (caused by Mycosphaerella fijiensis) and a FOBI PhD project - Chatchai Kosawang together with Dan Funck Jensen and Magnus Karlsson (SLU, Uppsala) concerned three-way interactions between the pathogen Fusarium graminearum, the antagonist, Clonostachys rosea and their cereal hosts.
The major new area concerns endophytic fungal interactions, which stand to uncover defining principles in crop protection and plant tolerances across a wide range of biotic and abiotic stresses. Our research further looks to investigate how fungi and plants interact and manipulate each other resulting in different lifestyles ranging from biotrophic, hemibiotrophic and necrotrophic pathogenic interactions through commensal endophytic and rhizospheric interactions.
This research effort has been published in over 90 refereed international publications to date giving an H-index of 34. He is also active in the public debate drawing attention to the importance of plant diseases and plant biotechnology.
David B. Collinge is Professor of Plant Pathology. He is leader of the Marie Skłodowska-Curie ETN BestPass ( http://bestpass.ku.dk/). He sits in the faculty and departmental PhD study boards (ph.d.-udvalg) He is a deputy for the Faculty coordination forum on developing country activities (UFAG - http://www.development.life.ku.dk/Development_at_LIFE/Organisation.aspx). He is a member of the editorial board of the international scientific journals "European Journal of Plant Pathology" and "Plant Pathology"and serves regularly for Scientific Boards for various research councils. He sits in the "chemical engineering" and "biological sciences" national university examiners boards and on the managerial board for "Kølpin Ravn og Ernst Grams legate" and the Danish national advisory council for Plants and Plant Health (Udvalget for planter og plantesundhed).