Night-time smartphone use, sleep duration, sleep quality, and menstrual disturbances in young adult women: A population-based study with high-resolution tracking data

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Study Objectives: To explore the relationship among night-time smartphone use, sleep duration, sleep quality, and menstrual disturbances in young adult women. Methods: Women aged 18–40 years were included in the SmartSleep Study in which they objectively tracked their smartphone use via the SmartSleep app between self-reported sleep onset and offset times (n = 764) and responded to a survey (n = 1068), which included background characteristics, sleep duration, sleep quality (Karolinska Sleep Questionnaire), and menstrual characteristics (International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics’ definitions). Results: The median tracking time was four nights (interquartile range: 2–8). Higher frequency (p = .05) and longer duration (p = .02) of night-time smartphone use were associated with long sleep duration (≥9 h), but not with poor sleep quality or short sleep duration (<7 h). Short sleep duration was associated with menstrual disturbances (OR = 1.84, 95% confidence interval [CI] = 1.09 to 3.04) and irregular menstruation (OR = 2.17, 95% CI = 1.08 to 4.10), and poor sleep quality was associated with menstrual disturbances (OR = 1.43, 95% CI = 1.19 to 1.71), irregular menstruation (OR = 1.34, 95% CI = 1.04 to 1.72), prolonged bleedings (OR = 2.50, 95% CI = 1.44 to 4.43) and short-cycle duration (OR = 1.40, 95% CI = 1.06 to 1.84). Neither duration nor frequency of night-time smartphone use was associated with menstrual disturbances. Conclusions: Night-time smartphone use was associated with longer sleep duration, but not with menstrual disturbances in adult women. Short sleep duration and sleep quality were associated with menstrual disturbances. Further investigation of the effects of night-time smartphone use on sleep and female reproductive function in large prospective studies is needed.

Original languageEnglish
Article numberzpad013
JournalSLEEP Advances
Issue number1
Number of pages10
Publication statusPublished - 2023

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Publisher Copyright:
© The Author(s) 2023.

    Research areas

  • adults, menstruation, reproductive function, sleep, smartphone behavior

ID: 373192784