Growth hormone-releasing factor stimulates proliferation of somatotrophs in vitro

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The mitogenic effect of the hypothalamic peptides growth hormone-releasing factor (GRF) and somatostatin on cultured growth hormone (GH)-producing cells (somatotrophs) was studied. Using autoradiographic detection of [3H]thymidine uptake and immunocytochemical identification of GH-producing cells, we show that 5 nM GRF causes a 20-fold increase in the percentage of somatotrophs labeled with [3H]thymidine. The total number of somatotrophs in GRF-treated cultures was increased by 60%. Somatostatin had no measurable effect on the labeling index by itself, but it partly inhibited the GRF-induced increase in both the labeling index and the total number of cells. Forskolin caused an increase in both the percentage of somatotrophs with a [3H]thymidine-labeled nucleus and the somatotroph number similar to that caused by GRF. GH secretion as well as cellular GH content in the GRF- or forskolin-treated cells increased with culture time over the entire period, whereas secretion and content of GH gradually decreased in control or somatostatin-treated cultures during the entire culture period. These data suggest that GRF and somatostatin regulate the mitotic activity of GH-producing cells and that the effect of GRF is possibly mediated by cyclic AMP.

TidsskriftProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Udgave nummer18
Sider (fra-til)6854-7
Antal sider4
StatusUdgivet - sep. 1986

ID: 132900901